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Stockholm, National Archives, E 9046 (olim Cod. Skokl. 143 4o). Magnus Eriksson’s Landslag

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Magnus Eriksson’s Landslag

Julkaisija

Finnish Literature Society (SKS)
Codices Fennici

Aikamääre

1483

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Formaatti

Paper

Kieli

Swedish

Identifiointitunnus

Stockholm
National Archives
E 9046
olim Cod. Skokl. 143 4o

Kattavuus

Finland

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Stockholm, National Archives, E 9046 (olim Cod. Skokl. 143 4o). Magnus Eriksson’s Landslag
1483
,
Finland
(?)
Magnus Eriksson
’s
Landslag
Fol. : Index and a note on the date and scribe (see below) (fol. is blank)
Fols. : A
kalendar
for the
diocese of Uppsala
(January – December). The kalendar features St
Henry
on the 19 January,
Joseph
19 March,
Valerianus
18 April,
Nicodemus
1 June,
David
abb. 15 July,
Crisogonus
(pro Christine?) 24 July, Antonius abb. 2 September, festum reliquarum Uppsalensis 24 September,
Anna
15 December (especially typical for
diocese of Turku
). Followed by a table of dominical letters and an astrological chart. (Fols. and are blank.)
Fols. :
Karl Knutsson
’s
Gårdsrätt
; cf.
Beckman 1919
.
Hwilkin man annan slar j Hiäl miste liff ... ... särdälis warnadhe aath. Thenne föreschriffne reth haffwer högburin ... höffwismen ligger etc.
Fols. :
Magnus Eriksson
’s
Stadslag
, skipmalabalken; ed.
Schlyter 1865, 225–244
.
(Index, 1–19) Hurw man skall sit godtz ... Hwilken man till stadtzsens komber ... ... (19) hwars thera wegna etc. (Fol. 17v is blank, followed by three blank unnumbered leaves.)
Fol. : John 1:1–14
In principio erat uerbum ... gratie et veritatis. Deo gracias per ewangelica dicta deleatur nostra delicta. (Fol. 18v is blank.)
Fols. 19r–39v: Upplandslag, Kyrkobalk; ed. Schlyter 1834, 8-86.
(Index, 1-23) Um kirkio bygningh ... A krist skulu alle crisner tro ... ... (23) then the falla wilia.
Fols. :
Magnus Eriksson
’s
Landslag
with some additions from other laws. Ed.
Schlyter 1862, 1–371
.
här börias konuns balker mz sins tabula
(index, 1–33) Um Swärike konnogs ... Teth konungs rike som kallas ... ... (33) alls konungx dombrwtnu.
Här börias gifftomala balker
(index, 1-23) Hwilkom lwndom scal ... Uill man sik konu bidhia ... ... som wart är. (Ärffda balker, index 1–20) Vann bonde döör eller ... Döör bonde eller husfrw ... ... (20) före hans siell.
Här börias iordha balken
(Index, 1-36) Fem ärw lagha fangh ... Fäm ärw laghfangh ... ... (36) äganden anlada allan.
Här byrgias bygnigga balker
. (Index, 1–39) Hwru böndher äga ... Vilia böndher by byggia aff nyo ... ... (39: cf. ÖGL, BB 36:2) wildhom fietij ghäta etc. (Kiöpmala balker, index 1-10) Uil lösöra köp fä ... Köper mana ff androm hoffwat fä ... ... (10) thera fasth oc fulth etc. (Tingmala balker, index 1–39) Hwru lagman äges ... Nw scall man lagman wälia ... ... (39) tils wars ware. (Edzöres balk, index 1-46) Först än nokor göör heem ... Ridher man heem ath androm ... ... (46) blodwite wari ogilth. (Högmäla balker, index 1–12) Vm moord hwad man ... Mördher mader man eller kona ... ... (12) hwar sik lasthom.
Drapemalbalker
(Index, 1–40) Kombir skilnadsmanna ... Kombir skilnadzmanna millan ... ... (40) konunghe ok tridhia häredhe. (Drapemala medh vada balker, index 1–19) Hvggher man att ... Hugger man ath manem ok wardher ... ... (19) ok tolff manna edhe. (Saramala medh vilia, index 1–18) Hvru man skall annan till saara ... Uill man annan til sara bindtha ... ... (18) konungs eller härada. (Saramala medh vada, index 1–9) Hugger man annan ... Hugger man ath androm och warder ... ... (9) medh siäx manna edhe. (Tiuffa balker, index 1-38) Um gör tiuff ... Stiäll man annars fää ... [140va] ... (38) wari konungx een saak. Amen. (Followed by a struck-through dedication; see below).
Fols. :
On swearing an oath
; cf.
Beckman 1917, 120
.
[] Hwilken som edh swär wppa book ... [] rätz wegna etc. (an example oath is found added by another hand on fol. )
Paper
144 + 10 folios.
13,5cm × 19,5cm (11cm × 15,5-16cm)
Modern foliation in ink in the upper right margin. The foliation skips the flyleaves in the beginning and the end (one unnumbered flyleaf at the beginning and nine at the end of the manuscript), and the three blank leaves following fol. 17.
1 + VI
12
+ IV
17(+3)
+ 5VI
77
+ VIII
93
+ 4VI
141
+ 9
Catchwords found on fols. , , , , , , , , in the lower margin.
The manuscript is in good overall condition. There is some dirt on the leaves and the manuscript has been cropped in a way which has resulted in some losses to the marginalia and article numbers.
The manuscript features several different watermarks:
Unicorns
are found on fols. 58–124 (cf.
Briquet: Licorne, 9997–9999
).
Ox head
of the type
Piccard, Ochsenkopf, XIII, 161–190
, is found on fols. 1–17 and on the unnumbered flyleaves at the end of the manuscript.
Ox head
of the type,
Piccard, Ochsenkopf, I, 701–742
, is found on fols. 18–62.
Ox head
of the type
Piccard, Ochsenkopf, IX, 161–176
, is found on fols. 130–138. A
letter Y
is found on fols. 134–137 (cf.
Briquet: Lettre Y, 9182–9184
). For more details, see
Åström 2013, 177
.
Two columns with bounding lines in ink or drypoint;
c
. 24–27 lines of text.
One main hand writing a cursive. The scribe,
Gunnar Bagge
, dated his work to
1483
. On fol. : ‘Item J tesse book finness tesso artikuli som gwnnar baggie haffwer scriffued aff konungh Karls book i(?) gwdz wald är och konung affuer alth Swärikie waar etc. Här Steen stwre Swärikis rike forstondare Arum äpter gudz födilssä tiid mcdlxxx3
o
’.
On fol. , a struck-through note: ‘Anno domini mcdlxxx3
o
In vigilia sancti henrici cumpletum est h[unc?] per manus gwnnar baggie Rike[se]ndz forestondare här sten [stwre] ... a abo ... scal [bröröms] närware[nde] g[re]g[ir]s Jacopsson I ware daga gaff nadogh här biscop koort vi(?) lester(?) til hälegga hemming sancteras’. The bishop could be
Konrad Bitz
of
Turku
(
Kort Rogge
of
Strängnäs
is the only alternative at this time).
The kalendar seems to be by another hand.
A few contemporary hands write marginal additions.
The decorative scheme is very simple, most likely by the scribe himself. At the beginnings of chapters there are occasionally large (up to 12 lines high) multi-coloured initials with red, black, blue and green. On fols. , , the initials include an illumination of a dragon. In the beginning of articles, small lombards in red. Rubrics, highlighting of majuscules, paraphs, article numbers and headings in the upper margin in red.
Parchment wrappers from a
saec. XIV–XV
antiphonary
; 33 × 20*, which contains a segment from the liturgy of St
Erik
. Pastedowns and flyleaves of more recent paper. On the spine, remnants of a pasted paper label with the old shelf-mark.
The manuscript contains
Magnus Eriksson
’s
Landslag
along with a few other legal texts. They were all written by the same scribe who identified himself as
Gunnar Bagge
and dated the manuscript to
1483
(fols. and ), also mentioning that some of it was based on a manuscript belonging to King
Karl Knutsson
(d. 1470). Based on the texts and language,
Beckman (1919, 24)
has suggested the manuscript may be connected to
Finland
. In the crossed-out dedication on fol. , Bishop Kort (=
Konrad Bitz
?), and possibly also the city of
Turku
, are mentioned, which might point in this direction as well.
The kalendar, which seems to be the work of another scribe, is intended for the
diocese of Uppsala
.
In the upper margin of fol. , a note on purchase of the manuscript ‘pro iiii marcis’.
The manuscript belonged to the ‘Brahiska och Wrangelska’ manuscript collection at
Skokloster
with no. 13 (see inner front cover). Later it had the shelf-mark ‘Cod. Skokl. 143 4
o
’ and currently it is shelf-marked ‘E 9046’ at the
Swedish National Archives
.
Natanael Beckman,
Studier i outgivna fornsvenska handskrifter
, Stockholm 1917.
Natanael Beckman, “Två finlänska gårdsrättsredaktioner”,
Göterborgs högskolas årsskrift 25
(1919).
C. J. Schlyter,
Konung Magnus Erikssons Landslag
, Corpus iuris Sueo-Gotorum Antiqui, vol. 10, Lund 1862, XLIX (no. 77)
C. J. Schlyter,
Uplands-lagen
, Corpus iuris Sueo-Gotorum Antiqui, vol. 3, Stockholm 1834, XXVI–XXVII (no. 39).
C. J. Schlyter,
Konung Magnus Erikssons Stadslag
, Corpus iuris Sueo-Gotorum Antiqui, vol. 11, Lund 1865.
Patrik Åström,
Vattenmärken i svenska medeltida laghandskrifter och Uppsala universitetsbiblioteks medeltida pappersbrev
, Uppsala 2013.
Cataloguer
Ville Walta
Finnish Literature Society (SKS)
Codices Fennici
Creative Commons BY 4.0

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