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Uppsala, Universitets bibliotek, E 133, Stierneldska handskriften. A collection of historical texts

Kuvaus

A collection of historical and legal texts relating to Sweden and
Finland

Julkaisija

Finnish Literature Society (SKS)
Codices Fennici

Aikamääre

1550-1599
Saec. XVI 2/2

Oikeudet

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Formaatti

Paper

Kieli

Swedish
Latin

Identifiointitunnus

Uppsala
University Library
E 133
Stierneldska handskriften

Kattavuus

Finland

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Uppsala, Universitets bibliotek, E 133, Stierneldska handskriften. A collection of historical texts
Saec. XVI
2
,
Finland
A collection of historical and legal texts relating to Sweden and Finland
Fols.
4r
:
Hamnskrå
. Regulation concerning fishing, dated
1450
. Cf.
Kleming 1856, 289–309
.
Auxilium meum a Domino. Epter thez ath gudz retuiso utkräffuer och menniskiom ...
[4r]
... alla sakor bystand göra (added after ‘Require finj libri en annan hampna skrå’). (Years from certain biblical events)
Tesse articular haffua romerska påffwar ok biscopar vtdragit aff bibliam gambla testamentid
. Först skall man wetta åra tal iffrå adams skapelse ... dant annos a prothoplausto.
Fols.
5r
36v
:
En liten Suensk Crönich.
Excerpts from
Olaus Petri
’s
Svenska krönika
.
[5r]
En liten suensk crönich.
[N]w skal mand vetta at I fortiden haffuer thetta landit ...
[36v]
... reysetygh ok reysenära.
Versus kong Mons Ladulås
. Anno milleno vissenteno nonogeno ... o magne brate.
Kong Karl.
Anno milleno cd cum sextuageno ... rex hic tumulatio.
Fols.
37r
38r
: Another excerpt from
Olaus Petri
’s chronicle. Cf.
Klemming 1860, 316, 338
.
[37r]
En vnderuisning kortteliga vtsatt for huad saker skuld konung Cristiern sade sik haffua rätt til at fora örlig ok krigh in wpå Swenskia men Ther ok for fatad är hwrw samma krigh tilgåredt haffuer wty thez fornemlighaste
. Först ath konung cristiern war ...
[38r]
... thz skedde fforst anno 1501.
[38v]
(A note regarding King
Gustav Vasa
by a different hand.)
Fols.
39r
47v
: A verse chronicle concerning
Kristiern
the Tyrant. Contains notable variations from the one edited in
Klemming 1867–1868, 213–236
.
[39r]
Danske kong Cristierns regemente som kallas kong klippingh
. Kong cristiern thå är mitt nampn, så at heta thz är min skam ...
[47v]
... niwter icke for qwinnor fredh.
Fols.
47v
51v
: Historical notes mostly regarding King
Kristiern
and the Vasa family,
1520–1568
. Partially edited in
Heininen 1989, 107–108
.
[47v]
Decollacio episcoporum militium etc.
Anno 1520, 6
o
idus Nouembris ...
[51v]
(note regarding
Viipuri
) breffwed inneholler tess datum (year by another hand) 1523. (followed by an added note on ‘Nels Dackes feyde’).
Fols.
52r
57r
: On King
Erik XIV
’s regiment in Sweden and on
Johan
.
[52r]
Nogra sentenser her thil thz körteligeste forfattede om kong Erich gustafsons regemente wdy Swerige huilken screff sig then fiortende aff thez nampnd.
Thill thz forsta, hans moder ...
[56v]
... epter leedh döden. (followed by an addition by the same hand).
[57r]
Hertogh Johan
. Genstan gaff kongen ...
[57v]
... kongen vndsprång skåttid 1569 (followed by an addition of
saec. XVII
concerning the abolition of the Templars in
1312
).
[58r]
(Other historical notes)
Clara closter wedh Stocholm
. Anno Mdxxvj Bleff sancta clara ...
[58v]
... Nels tacke var en bonde (followed by a later addition on his death).
Fols.
59r
65v
: An appeal against
Kristiern I
. Ed. in
HRSH, D 5
, 3–17
. Followed by a historical note by the same hand.
[59r]
Danske kong Cristierns handel
. Werdoge fader ok herrar ...
[64v]
... om wy komon etc. (A historical note concerning a battle between the duke of Burgundy and the Swiss in
1476
)
[64v]
Arom epter gudz byrdh mcdlxxvi ...
[65v]
... brendh ther vp etc.
Fols.
66r
67v
: Various historical and other notes. Some edited in
Heininen 1989, 108
.
[66r]
J Finland Lockalax Cappel I Åbo län
(
FMU 4333
) ...
[67r]
... Melanthon sins liffz tid 63 år.
[67v]
(Advice for government)
Rex quidam videns Mutacionem sui regnj
... Ther gudh är glömder, ähr fwlt med synd.
Fols.
68r
72v
: Descriptions of coats of arms, in
Swedish
. Queen
Katarina
’s epitaph in
Latin
. Historical notes.
[68r]
Insignia et arma ducatum et comitatuum regni Swecie
. Vplandia ducatus. Ett forgylt Richezens ...
[70v]
... itt huitt agnus dei (followed by a few additions including a later ownership marking; see below).
[71r]
(A few faded historical notes in a hand of
saec. XVII
.)
[71v]
(Queen Katarina’s epitaph)
Katarina Regina Swecie.
Hic Catarina iacet Gostaui regia consors ... iam Catarina tenet.
[72r]
(a deleted note by
Lars Roborin
)
[72v]
(a few biblical notes,
Swedish
) The tuå röffuares nampn som bleffwo korssfeste ... fuit et passus.
Fol.
73r
: An elegiac poem. Historical notes.
[73r]
In archivenatorem Danicum Triumphus.
Quam fortis fuerim ...
[73v]
... venator te feriente cadat. [
74r
–v] (Historical notes especially regarding
Viipuri
and
Turku
, edited in
Heininen 1989, 109
).
Fols.
90r
:
Crönica Swecie
. A prosaic chronicle. Ed.
Klemming 1868–1881, 217–240
.
Auxilium meum a domino.
Crönica Swecie
. Hwilken som omsöker ok offuerläs ...
[90r]
... nest epter wpå Stockholm. (instructions to consult another chronicle on fol. 23).
Fols.
90v
92r
: Historical notes and
Lars Fleming
and
Ivar Fleming
’s epitaphs (partially edited in
Heininen 1989, 109–110
).
[90v]
Begraffning Kongs Göstaffs
. Huilken war nester swesnker ...
[91v]
... nest for sancti bartolomej Anno 1552. Fader.
Her Lars fleminghs friherre epitaphium
. Anno domini 1562 ...
[92r]
Sånn. Her Iffuar fleming (added ‘til Swndholm’) friherre ... in diocese Vpsalensi.
Syster margretta
. Affsompnede på Sundholm Sancte peers dagh ... requiescat in pace.
Fols.
92v
105r
:
Rydzers historia
. A description of the war against the Russians in
1495–1496
. A continuation of the
Nya krönikan
; ed.
Klemming, 1867–1868, 123–144 (3557–4198)
.
[92v]
Rydzers historia
. Nw må thw höra hwrw I Suerige ...
[105r]
... ey komber i störere qwal.
Fols.
105v
108r
:
Atilla konungh
(defective); a part of an addition appearing in some manuscripts of the
Prosaiska krönikan
, ed.
Klemming 1868–1881, 243–247
.
[105v]
Atila konungh
. Sidan konungh siwatter ...
[108r]
... Och hans sån in| (rest of the page blank) (historical notes)
Hwnger
. Anno 1307 hade thuar hunger ... nedh huggen och wpp ätin.
Fols.
123v
: Songs concerning various historical events and biblical themes. Ed.
Noreen – Grape 1917, 11–40
.
En wisa om Bränne kyrkw slagh anno nostre salutis 1518
. [S]werighes menn achtar iach ath loffua ...
[123v]
... for oss och rådhe. AMEN.
Fols.
124r
136v
: A modified version of
Olaus Petri
’s regulations for judges (cf.
Hesselman 1917, 301–311
).
[124r]
Noghra almenneligha reglor there n Domare börr retta sik effter
. Een domare skall forst besinna ath han ähr en gudz befallningxman ...
[136v]
... rätt är herranss priis (followed by an addition marked for insertion on fol.
136r
) Rettige domares embete ... skälz folk ärligt ok trowärt.
Fol.
137r
–v: An excerpt from
Östgötalag
and historical notes.
[137r]
(ÖGL, BB 36:2–3)
Älgz diwr.
Nw gånga men epter älghom ... vilde fått gåta. Nw warder man fore I skall ... half mandz lott.
[137v]
(A note on Herodes and a church fire in
Virmo
(
Mynämäki
); ed.
Heininen 1989, 110
.)
Fols.
138r
145r
:
Rikeszens Stadga
.
Kalmar recess
; 25 articles given in Kalmar,
23 August 1473
(
SDHK 29818
).
[138r]
Rikessens Stadga.
[W]ij ept
ne
Jacob med gudz nåde ...
[145r]
... suenska konungh en sak.
[146v]
(a historical note concerning a rain of blood in
1565
).
Fols.
146r
:
Rydze handel 1554
. Verses on
Gustav Vasa
’s war against the Russians in
1554
.
[146r]
Rydze handel 1554
. Alzmectigh gud fader aff himmelrik ... ... thil wiborgh som han mäst formå (followed by later ownership markings; see below).
Between these sections, there are collections of various excerpts and notes probably written over a longer period of time. These include excerpts from known works found on fols.
57v
, (
Balthasar Russow
's
Nye Lyfflendische Chronica
),
58v
(
Paulus Diaconus
,
Historia Lumbartica
),
67r
(
Johannes Schiltberger
’s description of the crusade in 1396),
66v
67r
(
kalendars
by
Johannes Gothschouius
and
Levinus Battus
).
Paper
149 folios + 1 slip
15cm × 20cm (11,5-12,5cm × 15-16cm)
Contemporary foliation (9–26) found in the lower margin on fols. 13–30. Modern foliation 1–149 in pencil in the upper right margin; number 76 has been skipped and 109 counted twice (109 and 109a).
II
4
+ 4IV
36
+ I
38
+ IV
46
+ I(II+III)
58
+ I(IV+II)
72
+ I
74
+ V
85
+ III
91
+ (V-1)
100
+ 3IV
131
+ III
137
+ IV
145
+ II
149
.
Two quires are added between the conjoint leaves forming folios 47 and 58. Two quires are added likewise between fols. 59 and 72. A small strip (fol. 27b) has been bound in between fols. 27 and 28. The last leaf of the quire containing fols. 92–100 has been cut out. There is a large tear in fol. 49. Lower half of fol. 145 has been cut out. Internal references made to other texts found in the manuscript suggest that the original organisation of the texts may have been different (
Noreen – Grape 1917, 87
).
The manuscript is in good overall condition. There is some fraying along the edges and stains on the leaves.
One column, occasionally with vertical bounding lines; number of lines varies,
c
. 21–25.
Two contemporary main hands writing cursives from the
second half of saec. XVI
(first writes, in varying styles, on fols. 1–36,
38v
59v
, 66–70,
71v
,
72v
92v
, –149; second on fols.
60r
–65 and
93r
108r
).
Several later additional hands make additions in the empty spaces.
Notation on a black five-line stave on fol.
145v
.
Simple black pen-drawn initials or majuscules at the beginning of a new text or entry. Rubics are marked with use of a different type of script.
Bound in badly worn leather covers, which may once have been dark brown, but are nowadays yellowish. Part of the back cover has been attached with a piece of parchment from a Latin manuscript of
saec. XV
. Two leather thongs are visible in the inner front and back covers.
The manuscript contains a collection of (mostly) historical texts written by two scribes collaborating on a few of the texts. A few other hands have added further historical notes on the empty pages. The year
1583
is the last one to appear in these notes. However, since it appears in the additions written over a longer period of time, it should not be considered as a terminus ante quam for the manuscript as a whole.
The manuscript contains several notes referring to
Finland
, which indicate it originated there. The same conclusion can be made based on the earliest identifiable owner of manuscript:
Jöns Persson till Salmis
, who acted as a judge in
Vehmaa
in 1567.
Inner front cover (
saec. XVI
): ‘Bengt(?) Arffwed’. A few saec. XVIII–XIX notes.
Inner back cover
: ‘Jöns Persson till Sallmis Sin Bock eller Krönnicka’. Fol. : ‘Possessor huius liber wocatur Jöns perss.’
Jöns Persson
was an acting judge in
1567
in
Vehmaa
(
Blomstedt 1958, 394
).
Fol. : ‘Dis buch habe ich Bo Jurgen [von?] Fritz [?] bekömen zu Lenen vnnd soll Er Daszelbe wieder bekomen wenn Er Esz haben will den 23 Maey 1610’.
In
1643
the manuscript belonged to a ‘Lars Nillszon Roborin’ (fol.
70v
). He is probably identical with
Laur. Nicolai Roborinus
who was entered in the matrikel of the
Åbo akademi
in
1641
. The same hand enters a few notes on fols.
7r
and
72r
.
Fol. : an ownership marking by
Ad. Ludv. Stierneld
(1755–1835) who was a lagman in Närke: ‘Detta ms. som vari min far fars har jag kjöpt på en auction i Stockholm 1785, ibland de flere v: Dalins Handskrifter.’ According to the note, the manuscript had belonged to
Lars Stierneld
(1669–1721). By
mid saec. XVIII
the manuscript had come into the hands of
Jacob Röding
(
c.
1725–1782) whose book collection was sold in
1785
(this manuscript is no. 22 in the catalogue). The manuscript was purchased by the above-mentioned
Ad. Ludv. Stierneld
who collected manuscripts concerning the history of Scandinavia. He bequeathed his manuscripts to the
University Library of Uppsala
, which received the collection in
1858
. (
Noreen – Grape 1917, 84–85
).
Struck-through number ‘523’ on the front cover.
Uppsala University Library
’s shelf-mark ‘E 133’ on a paper label pasted to the
inner front cover
. The library’s stamp is found on the
inner back cover
.
Yrjö Blomstedt,
Laamannin- ja kihlakunnantuomarinvirkojen läänittäminen ja hoito Suomessa 1500- ja 1600-luvuilla (1523–1680): oikeushallintohistoriallinen tutkimus
, Helsinki 1958.
Bengt Hesselman (ed.),
Samlade skrifter af Olavus Petri 4
, Uppsala 1917.
HRSH = Handlingar rörande Skandinaviens historia 5
, Stockholm 1818.
Simo Heininen,
Suomalaisen historiankirjoituksen synty. Tutkimus Paavali Juustenin piispainkronikasta
, Helsinki 1989, 48–49.
G. E. Klemming,
Skråordningar
, Stockholm 1856, 289–309.
G. E. Klemming,
Olai Petri svenska krönika
, Stockholm 1860.
G. E. Klemming,
Sv. medeltidens rim-krönikor, D. 3
, Stockholm 1867–1868, 213–236.
G. E. Klemming,
Småstycken på forn svenska
, Stockholm 1868–1881.
Adolf Noreen – Anders Grape,
1500- och 1600-talens visböcker, IX. Stjerneldska handskriftens (E 133) visor
, Uppsala 1917, 1–9.
Cataloguer
Ville Walta
Finnish Literature Society (SKS)
Codices Fennici
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