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Stockholm, National Library, B 5b. Magnus Eriksson’s Landslag, Stadslag

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Magnus Eriksson’s Landslag; Stadslag

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Finnish Literature Society (SKS)
Codices Fennici

Aikamääre

1375-1399
Saec. XIV 4/4

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Swedish
Latin

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Stockholm
National Library
B 5b

Kattavuus

Sweden

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Stockholm, National Library, B 5b. Magnus Eriksson’s Landslag, Stadslag
Saec. XIV4/4
,
Sweden
(
Finland
,
saec. ?XV
2
)
Magnus Eriksson
’s
Landslag
,
Stadslag
Fols. : A lay
calendar
for the diocese of
Turku
with a table for the Sunday letters and a cisioianus. Written by a hand of
saec. XV 2/2
. Ed. in
Malin 1925
.
Fol. : On severe offences (
Högmäles ogerningar
) (
saec. XV
). Cf.
Beckman 1917, 52–53
.
Um högmälis ögerninga som oppenbara skripth bör ... j kirkio balkenom j cedecimo capitlo.
Fols. :
Södermannalagen
, kyrkobalk with prologue. Ed.
Schlyter 1838, 4–45
.
(Prologue)
Her byrias kirkio balki
. Gudh alzwoldogher scapare hymils oc iordh oc altz thes ther ... almoghanom til gagn oc tharfwa. (index) Um kirkio bygning ... Hwar Kristin man som krist nampn wil bära ... ... Gud han göme oss alla sleet Amen.
Fol. :
Arbor consanguinitatis
, in
Swedish
(saec.
XV
).
Fol. : A recipe for a
kaldrank
(
saec. XV
)
VIl thu göra kaldrank tha tag en wikt muskat oc ... kalen i huar fierd dag.
Fols. :
Magnus Eriksson
’s
Landslagen.
Östgötalagen’s Bygninga balk 36:2 has been added to the end of the Bygninga balk. Cf.
Schlyter 1862, 1–371
.
(index) Um swerikis konungs rike huilikith i sik ...
Här byrias konunx
. Eet konunx rike som hetir swerike ... ... aff allum konungs dombrutum hafwa.
Här byrias giptabalker. Först
(index) Huilikom lundom man skal ...
Gipta balker
. Vill man sik konu bidhia, tha scal han ... ... gieldhe ather som wert war.
Her byrias erfdha balker
. (index) Um bonde döör eller hustru ... Döör bonde eller hustru oc lifwa barn epter ... ... halft lathi han gifwa fore hans siäll. (
Iordha balker
, index) Först um fäm lagha fangh ... Fem äro lagha fang iordha j Swerikis laghom ... ... loff äghe iordheganden anladha allan.
Bygningha balker
. (index) Huru böndher ägha by byggia ... Uilia bönder by byggia af nyo eller ... ... thy som skils j tyufua balkenom. (an addition from the Östergötalagen’s bygninga balk 36:2, in a hand of
saec. XV
). (
Köpmala balker
, index) Um lösöra köpp fä eller kledhe ... Köpir man af androm hofuat fä eller klöfuat ... ... borghat stande a witzordhom sinom. (headline by a later hand)
Haer byrias Thinxmala balkær medh flokkom.
(Index) Huru laghman agher wälias ... Nu scal man laghman wälia tha scal biscop ... ... uthan han san forfall hafuer.
Her byrias manhelghis balker oc äru j honum hog mele, draap oc saar badhe medh wilia oc wadha
. (
Edzöris balker
, index) Först än nokor gör hemgangho ... Ridher man hem at adhrom thes werkis at han ... ... drap saar eller blodwite wari ogilt.
Här byrias högmelis balker
. (Index) Först um mordh huat helder ...
Högmelis balker
. Myrdher madher man eller kona eller huar som annan ... ... sakt, oc sweria huar sins lestom. (
Draapmaal medh wilia
, index) Först um skilnadher komber manna ... Nu komber skilnader manna mellom dreper huar ... (articles 6–10 have been entered by a later hand on a separate slip fol. 116a placed between fols. 116 and 117) ... annan walsäghanden oc tridhia häradh.
Drap medh wadha
. (Index) Först än man hugger ath ...
Drap medh wadha
. Hugger man at manne wardher annar fore ... ... withnom oc tolff manna edhe. (Headline by a later hand)
J sara malom medh wilia tælias flokka
. (Index) Först huru man scal annan ... Nu will man annan til sara bindha tha sigher ... ... oc huarte konungher eller häradhe. (Headline by a later hand)
J sara malum ok lytis botum medh wadha tælias flokka
. (Index) Huggher man at adhrom oc wardher ... Hugger man at adhrom oc wardher annar ... ... wari sik medh siex manna edhe. (
Tiufua balker,
index) Först en man stiel fä mans ... Stiel man fä mans nöt eller swiin ... ... xl marcer oc theth wari konunx eensak.
Finis adest vere precium wlt scriptor habere / Dextera scriptoris bendicta
(!)
sit omnibus horis / O pia virgo dei tocius origo trophei / Omnis causa spei tu miserere mei / Qui me scribebat johannes nomen habebat
.
Fols. :
Magnus Eriksson
’s
Stadslag
. Imperfect, a section from Bygninga balk 22 to Köpmala balk 14 is missing. Konunga balk 26 and Edsöres balk 27 are missing. Ed.
Schlyter 1865, 3–396
.
(
Konungx balker
, index) Huru borghamestare oc radhmen skulu walias ...
Här byrias konunx balker
. Nu tha borghamestare oc radhmen sculu welias ... ... gangha ofuer alt riket.
Gipther balker
. (Index) Holkom lundom man scal sik ... Nu will man sik konu bidhia ... ... ey rekinscap gangha thera mellan. (
Ärfdha balker
, index) Nu dör man huru brust ... Dör bondhe eller hustru, oc lifua ther barn ... ... annur arff en thet barnit dör.
Her byrias Iordha balker.
(Index) Huru erfdha gots scal upbindas ... Nu wil nokor selia tompt sina eller gardh ... ... torff sighia oc sweria huat the hördho. (
Bygninga balker
, index) Huru man scal bygningha stadh latha ... Twe sculuwara I huariom stadh som bygning ... (balk 22) ... nokor wadhe aff wari lagh som | (köpmala balk 14) stadherm oc malseger oc stadherm ... ... til ärfuodis fore konunghe oc stadher. (fol. 176v has been left blank and filled with later additions).
Skipmala balker
. (Index) Först huru man scal sith ... Hulkin man som til stadzens hafn kom ... ... ordhum twe a huars thera wegna.
Radstufuo balker
. (Index) Först huru mangh maal man ... Ey ma man flere maal kera a annan ... ... torn legghia eller j stadzens gömo.
Ezöris balker
. (Index) Först um man ridher heem ath ... Ridher man heem til annars eller ganger thes wiliandhis ... ... tha scall han mistha högro hand sina.
Höghmelis balker
. (Index) Först um man eller kona myrdir ... Nu myrdhir man annan ller konu oc legger ... ... ther är man eller kona.
Her byrias drapmala balker medh wilia
. (Index) Först um theth drap man gör ...
Drap medh wilia
. Huilkin man annan drepir oc wardher fanghin ... ... ther drepin ligge twegildher.
Drap medh wadha
. (Index) Först huru mangh hugh til wadha sculu ... Nu hugger man ath manne ... ... eller weri sik sielfuer tridhi.
Her byrias saramala balker medh wilia.
(Index) Nw will annan man til sara ...
Her byrias saramaal medh wilia
. Nu will man annan till sara bindha ... ... thy hank an thera nadhir faa.
Um saramaal medh wadha
. (Index) Först en man kan fa huga ... Hugger man ath andrum oc annar ... ... fuller edhin oc orkar ey lothum.
Her byrias tiufua balker j stadz laghum
. Först huru man kan ey thiuhfuadh ... Vardher thiufuadher takin j handhum ... ... oc orkar han ey ther til winna.
Fol. : Oaths (
saec. XV
)
Iuramentum honorum militum
. Jac beder mik swaa gud hwllan ... förmaaghe, swa hielpe mik gudh.
Iuramentum consiliariorum
. Jach beder mik swa gud hwllan Sancte Eric och ... ellir slagen, Swa hielpe mik gud etc.
Fols. :
Gårdsrätten
(
saec. XV
). There are numerous additions and corrections by the same hand of
saec. XVII
that appears elsewhere in the manuscript (see below), cf.
Kleming 1868–1881, 53–68
.
Thättä är ärligx höfthingä oc förstha swerkis och gota konugx stadder oc skipathr gardz ratter oc hans husa oc sithan haffwir han skipat sama rät allo sina rikis räthe swasom biskopom riddarom synom ämbitzmannom oc höuitzmannom holke som sama rät hawa the hälst stadde ärw
. Holkin man annan slar ... ... synderligha ware nadh aath.
Finis adest were etc.
Fols. : Tables for golden numbers (years 1449–1544) (
saec. ?XV
).
Additions:
Same hand of
saec. XVII
made several marginal additions and wrote a short note on fols. and and the paper fol.
8a
inserted between fols. 8 and 9. According to the notes, some of these additions stem from
Arnold Messenius
’ old law book as well as from old parchment books.
Fol.
8ar
: On severe offences (
enormia crimina
)
[8ar]
Ex Constitutione Consiliariorum regni Sueciae ista observanda sunt etc. animadversions enormium criminum ... munus timor ac fauor amor ista.
Fols. , lower margin:
hær sigx i huilkom daghum konunga sculu krono bæra ... ... glædh allam himerik moghe.
Thetta är skrifwit efther Arnoldi Messenij gambla Laghbook på pergament ...
Fol. : Chronological markings in
Latin
verse concerning the second half of saec. XIV (in a hand of
saec. XV
1
) and an addition from
saec. XVI
. The central part of the verse is edited in
Läffler 1905, 53
.
Dum mors in mundo regnat ... bo moritur dapifer.
Fol. , lower margin: Another addition by the same hand of
saec. XVII
, taken from Arnold Messenius’ lagbooken.
Item huilket aar som ny uprettis eth hws ... honom fran gotzit köra.
Fol. , the same hand of
saec. XVII
makes an addition.
Fol. 200, the same hand completes those parts of the text that are wanting because of a tear in the parchment.
Fol. : A paper leaf pasted onto the verso side of fol. 213; contains additions by the same
saec. XVII
hand.
De matrimonio sacerdotum
. Anno domini MCCXL kom en legat hijt i rijket som heet vilhelm sab. påwees sendebud ... Laghbokem om biskops arff.
Nw sigx om fridh i soknom
. Alle skulo fridh hawa, än fridher standher mällan ... ma sökias i allom fridhom.
Upsala ödho
. Thæsse äru Vpsala ödho ... oc in the the ther liggher etc.
Parchment
213 + 2 folios
17,5cm × 24,5cm (12,5-13cm × 17,5-18cm)
Modern foliation in ink in the upper right margin.
IV
8
; i; (V+1)
19
+ (IV+2)
29
+ 3V
59
+ (IV+1)
68
+ 2V
88
+ (III+1)
95
+ 2(IV+1)
113
+ V
123
(+i) + V
133
+ 4(IV+1)
169
+ (IV-6(?))
171
+ (II+1)
176
+ 4IV
208
+ (II+1)
213
Catchwords visible in the lower right margin of the last verso side of the quire.
Several leaves missing between fols. 170 and 171. Fol. 8a is a paper leaf entered between fols. 8 and 9. Fol. 116a is a separate parchment slip entered between fols. 116 and 117. Fols. 20, 29, 66, 93, 103, 106, 137, 148, 154, 166, 173 are singletons.
Overall the manuscript is in good condition. There is some dirt and darkened spots on some of leaves and a few tears. Fol. 194 has several large holes. A part of fol. 200 has been torn off causing some text to go missing. This tear has been mended by pasting a parchment piece on to the leaf. The missing text has been completed by the same hand of
saec. XVII
, making several additions and marginal notes.
One ruled column with 20–29 lines of text (fols. 9–19: usually 23; fols. 20–123: usually 20; fols. 124–160: usually 23; fols. 161–208: usually 29).
A gothic textualis by hand(s) of
saec. XIV 2/2
.
According to Schlyter this same scribe wrote in
Uppsala, University Library, B 6
(Magnus Eriksson’s
Landslag
, nr. 5) and
Linköping, Gymnasii-bibliotek, J 88
(Schlyter,
Stadslagen
, nr. 4). However,
Wiktorsson (1981, 62–68)
argues that the scribe is different to that of UUB, B 6, albeit the scribe of our manuscript used the Uppsala copy as his exemplar for much of the time.
According to
Wiktorsson (1976, 11–12)
there are three main hands: the first one writing fols. 9–19, the second 20–30, and third the remainder of the main part. This could indicate that the section from
Södermannalagen
is older than the rest of the manuscript. However, later on,
Wiktorsson (1985, 34)
seems to have revised his opinion and states one hand is responsible for the law texts.
Fol. : ‘Qui me scribebat johannes nomen habebat’. This verse is written in a script that differs from the one used by the main hand and may well belong to
saec. XV
.
The calendar is written by another hand, dated by
Malin (1925, 116)
to the
middle or third quarter of saec. XV
.
Marginal notes are written by at least one
saec. XV
hand. Several other additions and corrections were later made by a
saec. XVII
hand, obviously belonging to the owner of the book at that date.
At the beginning of chapters, large four- to six-line lombard in both red and blue with flourishings in both colours. The articles are marked with simple two-line lombards alternating in red and blue with occasional flourishing.
Rubrics and chapter headings in the upper margin in red (although sometimes added later on in black). Article numbers in red in the margins. These have sometimes been cropped off, sometimes omitted. A later
saec. XV
hand has added article numbers in black, and made corrections where mistakes have occurred. Highlighting and paraphs in red ink.
Brown calf over wooden boards. Blind-tooled frames with vines, portraits, and other ornamentation. A large diamond-shaped fleur-de-lis in the centre panel on the front cover; on the back cover a diamond-shaped form with vine decorations. Holes intended for two hook-clasps and catch-plates are visible on the edges of the front and back cover. Paper pastedowns. The boards extend a little over the text-block.
Paper labels with the shelf-mark are pasted on the front cover and spine.
A skilfully written and decorated manuscript, which contains both
Magnus Eriksson
’s
Landslag
and
Stadslag
. The kyrkobalk has been taken from
Södermannalag
. The manuscript includes a calendar written for the diocese of
Turku
during the
second half of saec. XV
, and added to the manuscript (
Malin 1925, 116
). According to
Wiktorsson (1981, 62–68)
the scribe has used
UUB, B 6
as an exemplar, and probably did the copying almost contemporaneously with the copying of that manuscript. According to
Beckman (1917, 154–155)
, copying likely took place in
Södermanland
at
saec. XIV 4/4
. Beckman also suggests that the copying might have taken place in a monastery, but this argument is not very convincing. There are at least two scribes found in the main section.
The calendar contains feasts specific to the
diocese of Turku
: St
Henry
on 20 January and his translations on 18 June; St
Anne
on 15 December. However, the calendar is written by a different hand to the rest of the manuscript, and cannot therefore account for its origins.
According to
Beckman (1917, 52–53)
, texts written on the last page of the calendar and on fol. show textual traits to suggest they were written in
Finland
. This, together with the calendar, might suggest that the manuscript came to the
diocese of Turku
in
saec. XV
, but there is no further evidence for this.
In
saec. XVII
the book had an owner who made several additions and corrections. The manuscript belonged to the Antikvitetsarkiv and came from there to the
National Library of Sweden
. Shelf-marks of the Natinal Library ‘B 5b’ are visible on the
spine
and on the
inner front cover
.
Natanael Beckman,
Studier i outgivna fornsvenska handskrifter
, Stockholm 1917, 154-156.
G. E. Klemming (ed.),
Småstycken på forn svenska I
, Stockholm 1868–1881.
L. Fr. Läffler, “Bidrag till vår medeltida personhistoria”,
Personhistorisk tidskrift 7
(1905).
Aarno Malin,
Der Heiligenkalender Finnlands. Seine Zusammensetzung und Entwicklung
, Helsingfors 1925, 115–119.
C. J. Schlyter,
Södermanna-lagen
, Corpus iuris Sueo-Gotorum Antiqui, vol. 4, Lund 1838
,
XIII–XIV.
C. J. Schlyter,
Konung Magnus Erikssons Landslag
, Corpus iuris Sueo-Gotorum Antiqui, vol. 10, Lund 1862, VIII.
C. J. Schlyter,
Konung Magnus Erikssons Stadslag
, Corpus iuris Sueo-Gotorum Antiqui, vol. 11, Lund 1865, VII.
Per-Axel Wiktorsson,
Södermannalagens B-handskrift. Textens historia och språk
, Uppsala 1976, 11–12.
Per-Axel Wiktorsson,
Avskriften och skrivare. Studier i fornsvenska lagtexter
, Uppsala 1981, 62–68.
Per-Axel Wiktorsson, “En laghandskrift från 1400-talet och dess inkomst”,
Nordisk tidskrift för bok- och biblioteksväsen 72
(1985), 33–41.
Cataloguer
Ville Walta
Finnish Literature Society (SKS)
Codices Fennici
Creative Commons BY 4.0

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