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Helsinki, National Library, C.ö.I.1. Sermones de tempore et de sanctis and Legenda Aurea

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Sermones de tempore et de sanctis and Legenda Aurea

Julkaisija

Finnish Literature Society (SKS)
Codices Fennici

Aikamääre

1400-1449
Saec. XV 1/2 (1400?)

Oikeudet

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Paper

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Latin

Identifiointitunnus

Helsinki
National Library
Cö.I.1

Kattavuus

Southern(?) Germany

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Helsinki, National Library, C.ö.I.1. Sermones de tempore et de sanctis and Legenda Aurea
Saec. XV½ (1400)
Southern(?) Germany
(
Pöytyä
)
Sermones de tempore et de sanctis
and
Legenda Aurea
I:
:
Distinctiones
Dei filius nostram ob causam genitus... dei gratiam flagitatio acquiret(?)
:
Alphabetum iuris
. A list of abbreviations and how to expand them. Sermon concept (Fratres hodie celebratur solemni...).
Fols. :
Sermones de tempore.
According to
Lehtinen (1996, 10–11)
the collection resembles the one found in
Würzburg, Universitätsbibliothek, ms. M.ch.f. 121
(
H. Thurn,
Die Handschriften der Universitätsbibliothek Würzburg 2. Handschriften aus benediktischen Provenienzen 1
, Wiesbaden 1973
). A very similar collection is also found in
Wolfenbüttel, Herzog August Bibliothek, Cod. Guelf. 439 Helmst
. Our manuscript adds a short draft for an alternate sermon on
Dominica 25 post pentecostes
(fol. ). The collection includes both the summer and the winter cycle. Fols. , from Easter to Dominica 25 Pentecostes and fols. from Advent to Dominica in Passione Domini. The gospel pericope is given as the full version with interlinear comments.
Fratres, hodie celebratur ... dei gratiam et preceptorum |
[3r]
sancte mulieres christum dilexerunt ... resurexisse ut leo fortis et tamen de ita ewangelis. (
Dominica prima post pascha
) Cum esset sero die illa vna sabatorum et (Joh. 20:19) ... Istud ewangelium scribitur Jo xx
o
ubi agitur de xpi apparationibus ... de quo dicitur haec cuncta scripta sunt ut credatis etc. (
Dominica secunda post pascha
)
Ego sum pastor bonus (Joh. 10:11) ... Illud ewangelium ... quo ponitur prima parabola de pastore ... ... ex istud et tame de isto ewangelium. (
Dominica tertia post pascha
) Modicum et non videbitis me et iterum (Joh. 16:16) ... Istud ewangelium ... in quo dominus circa suam passionem quam suis discipulis ... ... benedixit hoc saluator uidebitis me et gaudebit cor vestrum etc. (
Dominica quarta post pascha
) Vado ad eum qui me misit (Joh. 16:5) ... Istud ewangelium ... legitur dominica iiij post pasca et in textus ewangeliorum precedit ewangelium precedentem ... ... filius est equo patri etc. declaracio est equilitatis ... (
Dominica quinta post pascha
) Amen dico vobis si quid ... Istud ewangelium ... in quo xpus hortatur discipulos et consequentur nos omnes ... ... nos fecisti quia dixisti quomodo pater curat vos et tamen. (
Dominica
sexta post pascha
) Cum venerit paraclitus (Joh. 15:26) ... Istud ewangelium ... legitur infra octavam ascencionem domini ... ... (
Dominica 1 post penthecostes
) eius dolorem | (
Domica 2 post penthecostes
) -rentes temptamentis diabolis ... (
Dominica 25 post penthecostes
) ... prostante domine deo in secula benedicto amen. Et tantum de parte estiuali et iam sequitur pars hyemalis atque postmodum et est suis istus primum partis pars hyemalis(?)
Fols. : (Notae) Nota quod quantumplex est templum et eorum quotlibet xpus ... Nota quindecim sunt signa quindecim dierum ... [78v]: List of abbreviations (
bene nosci alphabetum
) and an exemplum.
Fols. :
Sermones de tempore
, winter cycle. Sermons for Dominica 2 and 3 Post Epiphaniae are defective.
(
Dominica 1. Adventus
) Cum Appropinquasset ihus jerusolimas (Mt. 21:1) ... Istud ewangelium scribatur plene ... et legitur dominica prima in aduentum domini ... (
Dominica 2 post Epiphaniae
) ... se utque in secula(?) etc. | rex et dominus fons et origo lex ... (Dominica in passione domini) ... dominus noster ihus xpus cum beata genetrice sua sit in secula seculorum benedictus amen etc. ... hodie anno domini milesimo quadringentesimo ... Domus mea scilicet ... quo in corporem(?) vestris apparitur.
II:
Fols. : A selection from
Jacobus de Voragine
,
Legenda aurea
.
Ed. Giovanni Paolo Maggioni,
Iacopo da Varazze, Legenda aurea 1–2
, Firenze 1998, 3–140, 161–179, 198–200, 219–238, 247–248, 252–261, 270–277, 280–304, 326–333, 336–369, 374–404, 409–410, 443–500, 504–508, 321–325, 155–160, 540–554, 562–597, 616–626, 628–642, 650–662, 701–709, 754–773, 779–797, 830–837, 873–885, 900–910, 911–914, 930–936, 960–963, 977–981, 986–1001, 1059–1070, 1073–1087, 1099–1117, 1122–1129, 1133–1152, 1171–1172, 1205–1215.
Several legends are abridged. Larger sections have been left out from
Vitae
Marie purificationis
,
Mathiae
,
Gregorii
,
In annuntiatione dominica
,
Georgii
(
de nomine
is left out),
Marci evangelistae
,
Petri apostoli
,
In assumptione Mariae
,
Bartholomei
,
in decollatione Iohannis Baptistae
,
de nativitate Mariae
,
de sancto Matheo
,
de sancto Martino
;
De sancta Cecilia
(defective) is a modified version.
The text on fols. 137–138 has been copied in the wrong order, as has the text on fols. 246–248 (see below). Several feasts have been left out. The sequence of text differs from the edition on fols. , which hold the legends of St
Patrick
and St
Anthony
.
(Prologus) Universum tempus presentis vite ... (
Purificatio virginis
) ... completis vij diebus munda quidem | in aliis irradiabat et omnes ... (
de emissione spiritus sancti
) ... id est obligacionem ad | indigent Jaco 3
o
omnis natura ... (
Iohannis et Pauli
) ... Johannes et Paulus ex operibus | (
Petri apostoli
) ut repente adores me ... (
de exaltatione sancte crucis
) ... fecisti. Et ille in xx
ti
| (
De Sancto Matheo
) qui iuxta altare matheum stantem ... (
Omnium sanctorum
) ... mortalitate regi adduceret et (the text continues on , then on –vb and then –rb and then on:) duxit et utriusque sexus ... (
Omnium defunctorum
) ... deponens vestes missam die | ingemiscens mortuus fuisset ... (
Sancti Martini
) ... senex pulcherrimus ei ap-| (
de Sancta Cecilia
) transitum dixit ancilla ... (
De Sancta Katarina
) ... beata Katarina sicut patet in legenda.
Fols. , : An added text on the
Tres socii
.
Tres socii erunt ... require post passionem etc. Et iam audivistis de his tribus sociis ...
Fols. :
[Johannes Kannemann?]
De passione Domini.
The text shares an incipit with a manuscript from
Prague (Metrop. Kap. F.9)
attributed to
Johannes Kannemann
(see
A. Podlaha,
Soupis rukopisu. Knihovny metropolitní kapitoly Pražské
, Praze 1922,
nr. 855
).
Passio domini nostri ihu xi
. Egrediemini filie syon et videte (Ct 3:11) ... verba ita cuilibet fideli animae proponuntur ... (
fol. 257
blank) ... in publico. Cum quia humi- ( is blank, contains notes) lis procudit ... ... sepulcrum signantes lapidem cum custodibus.
Fols. : Sermon. See
Schneyer 9, 405 (nr. 77)
.
Psalmus
Revela oculos meos et considerabo mirabilia (Ps. 118:18) ... ... dicere cum propehata. Reuela oculos meos.
Fols. :
Jacobus de Voragine
,
Sermones de tempore
. See
Schneyer 3, 221 (nr. 2, 5(defect.), 8 (defect.), 11)
.
Preparare in occursum dei tui Israel (Amos 4:12) quando rex uel aliquis princeps maxime ... (
Dominica secunda
) ... et immaculis non clarescet | (
Dominica tertia
) infirmos curavit unde luc. vii ... (
Dominica quarta
) ... sibi in sponsam accipiebat. Tunc sequitur sicud ibi stetit etc.
Fols. :
Legends
;
Miracles
;
Sermons
.
(
De nativitate
) Cum post egressionem filiorum israhel de egypto ... ... per eos dominius operatus est. (
Miracula
) Vixerunt autem omnibus diebus vite sue in timore ... ... autem domine miserere nobis etc.
De sancto thoma apostolo
(in another hand) Matriarcha indorum orationis gratia in spacio unius annis (cf.
BHL 8146
) ... ... operari cum patre et spiritu sancto in secula seculorum.
De sancto Georgeo
. Tempore illo quo rex dacianus qui ... ... ad xpm migravit cum letatur fine fine amen.
De sancta dorothe
. Gloriosa virgo et martir dorothea, ex patre dortheo et matre theodora (cf.
BHL 2325?
;
Jacobus de Voragine,
Legenda Aurea
, ed. Th. Graesse, Lipsiae 1801, p. 910–911
) ... ... has rosas cum ponis mittit tibi soror mea | (
De conceptio Mariae
) Iterum hec festivitas aliter alibi declaratur ... ...regnare mereamur amen. (Explanation of
expositio
in
German
; legend with German words) legitur de cuamlibet quod miles ...
Expositionem de aduentu domini
. Ihus declinat se et scripsit in terram ... ... filius hominis humanae carnis.
Missus est angelus Gabriel etc.
Quia nec lex nec natura nec mos tenet ut (begins like
Schneyer 3, 804 (11)
, but differs after that) ... ... aulis congnata est virginitatis. [Legenda]
Nota de nativitate sancti bartolomei.
Scilicet legitur balastius rex ... ... dimisit regnum quia dictum in ewangelio qui non plus. (
Dedicatio ecclesiae
)
Terribilis est locus iste
(Gen 28:17). Non puto quod sit aliquis ita audax si veniret ad locum ... ... Item aqua clamabat|
Paper
292 (293) folios.
20,5cm × 29cm (14,5-15,5cm × 22,5-24cm)
Foliation in pencil by a modern hand. There are several bifolia of smaller size within the quires. The foliation also includes a number of added singletons: fols. 7, 9, 12, 14, 17, 18, 29, 35, 39, 53, 60, 74, 79, 82, 84, 89, 91, 94, 103, 112, 114, 258, 270 are inserted singletons, usually of a smaller size with sermon concepts, various notes and distinctions. An unnumbered slip after fol. 4. Two consecutive leaves have been numbered 231; this means the actual number of folia is 293.
(VI-1)(+4)
15
+ (VII-2)(+2)
29
+ (VI+2)
43
+ (VIII+2)
61
+ (VII+1)
76
+ X
96
+ (VIII+3)
115
+ 1
116
; 2VI
140
+ (VIII-1)
155
+ V
165
+ VII
179
+ V
189
+ (VI-1)
200
+ 2VI
224
+ V
233(!)
+ VI
245
+ (V-2)
253
+ (VII+1)
268
+ (VII-3)
279
+ (VII-1)
292
.
Fols. 179, 225, 253 are loose. Lacunae after fols. 1, 28, 96, 154, 192, 198, 245, 252, 278 (several), 289, 292. Part of fol. 123 has been torn. There is a stub after fol. 227 but no text is missing. After fol. 264 a stub.
Fols. 137 and 138 have been copied in the wrong order. The text from continues on , next comes and then . Another mix-up is found on fols. 246–248. The text breaks on fol. , and continues on –v, after that on and after that on and after that on . The next feast begins on and breaks on , and is continued from a different spot on .
Part I: one column; part II: two columns. Number of lines varies: I: up to (and over) 51, II: usually 43–47; ruled with vertical bounding lines (part I in ink, part II in pencil).
Several hands writing
saec. XV
gothic cursives by German hands (according to
Lehtinen 1996, 11
). In part I, containing the sermon collection, one main hand is responsible for much of the text. The first part is dated to
1400
(fol. ). In the second part there are several hands writing longer sections. The quality of the script varies. In the second section, headlines occasionally written in textualis. Additions by several hands of
saec. XV
writing gothic cursives.
In part I: initials in red and brown or black, often with parts left uncoloured and forming different shapes (on fol. an animal’s beak?). In part II: simple red lombards for initials. Some are of very low quality. Overlining and letter emphasis in red, occasional paragraph marks in red.
Wooden binding with red leather covers decorated with blind-stamped frames and cross-hatching. Five bosses were attached to front and back covers. Remnants of two hook-clasps attached to the edges of the covers. A parchment charter from
Pope Nicolas V
concerning the city of
Greifswald
, dated
26.7.1449
, has been used for the two pastedowns.
Much of the manuscript is taken up by a collection of Sunday sermons and by a selection from the
Legenda Aurea
. The manuscript features several scribes and may be a result of compiling text from different sources. This is also suggested by the fact that the binding seems to have taken place several years later than the date
1400
given in part I (although it is possible that the date does not refer to the date of writing). The charter used for the pastedowns as well as the vernacular additions () suggest an origin and early provenance in
Germany
. The sermon collection on fols. 1–116 is found in two manuscripts originating from Southern Germany, which may suggest that this manuscript also comes from that area.
The charter used in the binding suggests that the binding took place in
Germany
and that the manuscript was still there in the
middle of saec. XV
. On definitions of ‘expositio’ in German.
By
1654
the manuscript had ended up in Finland and in
Pöytyä church
. (
saec. XVIII hand
): ‘Pöytis Moderkycka Tilhörig’. Mentioned in the church inventory
1654
,
1670
and
1729
.
The manuscript was moved to the
National Library
in
1863
. On back cover pastedown shelf-mark of the National Library ‘Cö.I.1’.
Anja Inkeri Lehtinen, “Saarnoja vai legendoja”,
Bibliophilos
55:1
(1996), 10–11.
Aulikki Ylönen,
Pöytyän, Yläneen ja Oripään historia vuoteen 1865
, Helsinki 1969, 110.
Cataloguer
Ville Walta
Finnish Literature Society (SKS)
Codices Fennici
Creative Commons BY 4.0

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