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Kuopio, City Library, Kuopio Lyceum’s Library, Then Swenska kyrkeordingen (Amund Laurentzon: 1571), cover (detached and affixed to the modern flyleaves of the volume). Antiphonarium

Kuvaus

Dominican antiphonary (fragment).

Julkaisija

Finnish Literature Society (SKS)
Codices Fennici

Oikeudet

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Formaatti

Parchment

Kieli

Latin

Identifiointitunnus

Kuopio
City Library
Kuopio Lyceum's Library
Then Swenska kyrkeordingen (Amund Laurentzon: 1571), cover (detached and affixed
to the modern flyleaves of the volume).

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Kuopio, City Library, Kuopio Lyceum’s Library, Then Swenska kyrkeordingen (Amund Laurentzon: 1571), cover (detached and affixed to the modern flyleaves of the volume). Antiphonarium
Saec. XV
Dominican antiphonary (fragment).
The fragment attached to the back flyleaf of
Then Swenska kyrkeordingen
(
Amund Laurentzon
:
1571
) (fol. 1?), outer side (
recto
) and inner side,
proprium
de sanctis
,
purificatio Mariae
.
‘[outer side:] --- …
responsorium
. Suscipiens ihesum in u[lnas] suas …’
‘[inner side:] --- … [
uersus
. Gabri]elem archangelum credimus diuinitus te esse affatum --- …’
The fragment attached to the front flyleaf of the volume (fol. 2?), outer side (when the leaf was used as a cover),
proprium de tempore
,
feria quinta in parasceue
(imperf.),
feria sexta in parasceue
(imperf.).
‘[accipi]am et nomen domini inuocabo.
psalmus
. Exaudi. Euouae.
antiphona
. Cum his qui … Feria sexta[?] in parasceue[?] antiphona --- Ies[um?]--- …
antiphona
. [Diuiserunt] sibi uestim[enta]’
The side that faced inside is practically illegible.
Parchment
2 folios.
17cm × 23,5cm (12,5cm × 19cm)
Currently attached to the modern flyleaves of the rebound
Then Swenska Kyrkeordningen
. Both fragments were trimmed when reused as covers: the fragment at the back is missing its outer and lower margins, and the fragment at the front both its outer and inner margins. The fragment at the back includes the inner margin of another leaf from the same antiphonary, possibly the one now found at the front of the book (but note that if the leaves in fact formed an original bifolium then the original manuscript would have arranged all its Feasts in one temporal series, instead of in separate series of
de tempore
and
de sanctis
).
Three sides of both folia are folded, probably in connection with their reuse as covers – note that their combined width when folded falls short of that needed to cover the book, suggesting that the spine of the book was covered with a separate slip that has since been lost. This possibility is supported by the marks left by the bands of the binding, which indicate that the fragment now at the front of the book is the original back cover, and the fragment at the back the front cover. If the two leaves originated as one bifolium this seems to have been also its original orientation, in that case probably the outermost of its original quire.
Both fragments are in very poor condition, even considering their reuse as covers. The sides that presumably faced outward in the cover are deeply stained and the inner sides blackened to the point of illegibility probably from the glue used to fix the cover fillings. Both folia have worn through in places, and from the latter halves of both material has been cut away by a diagonal incision: the detached portions have been sewn back (this piece is now missing from the fragment at the back, although holes show it was once sewn there).
Text and notation on ten lines, no discernible signs of ruling or pricking.
Formal Gothic Cursive in one hand of
saec. XV
.
Square notation (the lines are no longer visible, but their colour would seem to have been black).
Pen-drawn Gothic majuscules, rather slender as befits the cursive script used in the text, decorated in black (with triangular protrusions etc.) and with their interior spaces coloured red. Rubrics in red (including the contractions marking the genres of chants), apparently in the hand of the main text.
The fragments apparently served as the original cover of this copy of
Then Swenska Kyrkeordningen
, printed in 1571.
The original cover was filled with leaves from a
late-sixteenth-century
collection of letters from and to various persons usually in
Turku
and
Viipuri
(now
Helsinki, National Archives, Biographica, Kupiainen, Henrik Henriksson
). It thus seems that the book was bound by or for somebody (
Bertill Andersson
?) with connections in
Viipuri
, where the book ended up in the early seventeenth century.
A bifolium from a
fifteenth-century
antiphonary
, used, perhaps by its first recorded owner,
Bertill Andersson
, to bind a copy of
Then Swenska Kyrkeordningen
, at some stage between the printing of the book in
Stockholm
in
1571
and its acquisition by Bishop
Olaus Elimaeus
in
1628
.
The earliest recorded owner of the book is one
Bertill Andersson
, whose ownership mark on the title-page of the volume records that he bought it in
Turku
in
1592
. If he was its first owner, the volume may not have been bound at this stage.
The second recorded owner of the book is
Olaus Elimaeus
, bishop of
Viipuri
, whose ownership note is written on the recto-side of what appears to have been the last flyleaf of the volume, the latter leaf of a bifolium of different paper from the printed book. Bishop Olaus’ hand seems to have copied an excerpt from Ecclesiasticus found inside the back cover (‘Syrac. 4. circa finem capitis: Tala icke emot sanningenne vthan låt … håller medh then andra’). He records having bought the book in
1628
, and by all evidence it was bound by then.
O. D. Schalin,
Kulthistoriska studier till belysande av reformationens genomförande i Finland
, vol. 1, Helsingfors 1946, 59.
Cataloguer
Jesse Keskiaho
Finnish Literature Society (SKS)
Codices Fennici
Creative Commons BY 4.0

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