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Copenhagen, Royal Library, Thott 2199 4o. Magnus Eriksson’s Landslag

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Magnus Eriksson's Landslag

Julkaisija

Finnish Literature Society (SKS)
Codices Fennici

Aikamääre

1468

Oikeudet

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Formaatti

Parchment and paper

Kieli

Swedish

Identifiointitunnus

Copenhagen
Royal Library
Thott 2199 4o

Kattavuus

Sweden
Finland

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Copenhagen, Royal Library, Thott 2199 4o. Magnus Eriksson’s Landslag
1468
,
Sweden
/
Finland
(?) (
Sääksmäki
)
Magnus Eriksson
's
Landslag
Fols.
1r
97v
: Magnus Eriksson's
Landslag
, beginning acephalously at §BB 4. Part of BB 16 and 17 missing, KpB index, 1 and 2 missing, ThgB 23–26 and a part of 27 missing, index to HögB. and 1, 2 and first rows of 3 are missing, DrVl. 1–5 and a part of 6, from SVl. 17 to SVth. 2 missing. Ed.
Schlyter 1862, 130–371
.
[1r]
(BB 4) Swarande och kärande ...
[9v]
... (16) och the auerkan böte |
[10r]
(17) ärw eigh withne til wæri ...
[31v]
... (38) som skilss i tiuffna balkenom. (In another hand, ÖGL. BB 36:2) Nw ganga men epter elgiom ... som fiæt lathe.
[32r]
(KpB 2) Uarth skært In anthwarda mz twen ...
[34v]
... (10) standhe a sinom wiidzordom.
[35r]
Tingamala balker
. (Index, 1–37) Huen laghman scal wälias ...
[37r]
Nw scal man lagman wälia tha scal ...
[43v]
... (21) togx med domum och skælum |
[44r]
(26) kaffla vil fram witha med ...
[47r]
... (38) vthan han kan forfaal haffua.
[47v]
(In a younger hand)
Högmool balker
[= Edzöris balker]. (Index, 1–45) Först än nokor gör heem gango ...
[49v]
Rider man heem at androm ...
[61v]
... (44) blodhuite ware alt ogilth. (A fol. missing.)
[62r]
(HögB. 3) the som i drapa malom skils ...
[65r]
... (12) och swæria hwar siins læstom.
[65v]
Drapmol [medh vilia] balker
. (Index 1–42) Komber skilnader Manna mellan ...
[66v]
(index, 42) Nu konunger bindher leedhungh uth |
[67r]
(5) haffua Manadha dagh före konungh ...
[75r]
... (42) annan konunger och tridha häradhe.
[75v]
(Drapmol medh vadha, Index 1–19) Hugger man at manne och ...
[76r]
Hwgger man at manne uardher ...
[79v]
... (19) och tolff manna edhe.
[80r]
Sormol
[
medh vilia
]. (Index, 1–18) Hwen man scal annan til sara ...
[80v]
Uil man annan til saara binda tha ...
[84v]
... (18) ther scalu eig böthir |
[85r]
(Svth 2) iij öra för saar och ...
[86v]
... (9) mz siex manna edhe.
Explicit legisterium improvisale
(?)
(followed by a few later additions).
[87r]
Tywfue balken
(index, 1–38) Nw gör tiuff ...
[88v]
Stiäl man annars fää nöth ...
[97v]
... (38) varj konungx ensak etc.
ffinitur legisterium patrie Per andream nicolaj poyz(?) anno domini mcdlxviij
o
etc.
Fol.
98r
100v
:
Magnus Eriksson
’s
Gårdsrätten
, ed.
Klemming 1868–1881, 53–57
.
[98r]
Här byrias gardz retther ärligs höffdingn herra Magnussa konungs med gudz nadh Swerigis ...
(index) Um man slaar annan ...
[98v]
(1) Hwilkin man slaar annan i hæll ... (3) vidhrs ferska gerningh |
[99r]
(8) eigh gripen vider farska gerningh ...
[100v]
... (15) riddarskap och swenna liggia.
Explicit Gardz ræth
.
Fols.
101r
101v
: Other additions
[101r]
(by another hand) (Joh. 1:1–14) In principio erat verbum et verbum erat ... plenum gracie et veritatis.
Deo gracias
.
[101v]
(
on oaths
)
Vm eedh
. Huilkin som swär eed vpa book han swär eed i ... som mich är nw fore lagdhir. Huilkin man som falskt swär a book ... edha boot giorth.
Fols.
102r
119r
:
Upplandslag
, Kyrkobalk. Articles 20, 21 and a part of 22 are missing. Ed.
Schlyter 1834, 9–86
.
[102r]
Kirkio balk
. (Index, 1–17) Um kirkio bygningh ...
[104r]
A kristh crist(!) sculu alle cristner troa ...
[118v]
... (19) och ena then wardher dömes. |
[119r]
(22) Hwilken man som wardher ... theen the ffælla wilia.
Explicit legisterium ecclesiasticum
.
[119v]
(A coat of arms).
Fols.
120r
129v
:
Kalendar
for the
diocese of Turku
(imperfect, January and May are missing). Includes the dedication feast for
Turku
cathedral (17 June) and translation feast of St
Henry
(18 June); also
Erasmus
(3 June) and
Praxedis
(21 July), which suggest the calendar stems from
saec. XVI
. The calendar also features the feast of
Linus
(26 November) only found in a few Finnish medieval kalendars. Written in a hand of
saec. XVI
.
Fols. 130r–131v: Later additions
[130r]
(Additions from laws) Beste tingh som bonde i boo haffua thz är laggisste hustrw ...
[130v]
... tess fast och fult. (Followed by an ownership marking; see below.)
[131r]
(Further additions from laws.)
[131v]
(Account markings mentioning
Torkil Olofsson
i Torkola,
Jöns
i Vaholampiss and others.)
Parchment and paper
(the outer- and innermost bifolias of the quires are parchment, other leaves are paper).
131 folios
14,5cm × 21cm (10cm × 14-14,5cm)
Modern foliation in ink in the upper right margin.
>(VIII–1)
15
+ VIII
31
+ (VIII–2)
45
+ VIII
61
+ (VIII–2)
75
+ (VII–1)
88
+ (VII–1)
101
+ VIII
117
+ I((V–2) + II)
131
Quire signatures (D–M) in the lower margin of the first and last leaves of each quire. Occasional catchwords in the lower margin on the final verso of a quire.
The manuscript is defective at the beginning (three quires missing); folia missing after fols. 9, 31, 43, 61, 66, 84, 98, 119. Fol. 118’s counter-leaf is the back pastedown. Between them, two quires have been placed. A singleton containing the month of May must be missing between fols. 122 and 123 of the calendar.
There are several watermarks. The one in the main portion features a
crown without arch and without additional motif
(
Piccard, Kronen, I, 301–340
); a
circle with a cross above it
(
Briquet, 3034–(40)
); two marks of a
bull with eyes and nostrils and with a star above it
(
Piccard, Ochsenkopf, VII
); a
bull with eyes and nose and with a star above it
(
Piccard, Ochsenkopf, IX, esp. 315
;
Briquet, esp. 14193
; dated
1466-1474
). The kalendar portion has one watermark, a
letter P with a four-leafed flower above it and fleur-de-lis on the side
(see esp.
Piccard online, no. 114734
, dated to
1499
); see also
Åström 2013, 147
.
The manuscript is in decent condition. There are several folia missing; there is a considerable amount dirt on the folia; some leaves have holes or have been torn; there is fraying along the edges; and in places the text has become smudged.
One column with occasionally visible vertical bounding lines; 21–22 lines of text.
One cursive main hand writing the
Landslag
,
Gårdsrätt
and
Kyrkobalk
. He identifies himself as
Andreas Nicolai Poyz
(?) and dates the work to
1468
on fol.
97v
.
From fol. 120 various later hands making additions. Later hands have also added notes in the margins against the law texts.
Simple red lombard initials with flourishing in green (usually three-lines high, four at the beginning of chapters). Headings in the upper margin and article numbers in the outer margin in red until fol.
46r
. After this both have been added by later hands. Highlighting and article breaks marked in red. There is occasional elongation of the letters on the first and last rows and occasional decoration in the lower margins.
Worn, dark brown calf over wooden boards. The boards on both covers have split vertically down the middle and are held together by the leather of the covers and the parchment pastedowns. One hook-clasp with the catch on the edge of the front cover. The clasp is attached to a piece of leather and shows a few simple incised decorations.
Front and back pastedowns are leaves from a
missal
of
saec. XV
. On the back cover, another torn piece of parchment with a charter containing a judgment given by Judge
Klas Fleming
(
REA 337
) has been pasted on top of the missal fragment.
The manuscript contains a copy of
Magnus Eriksson
’s
Landslag
written in
1468
in a rapid but legible cursive by a scribe who identifies himself as
Andreas Nicolai
. The small size and modest appearance suggest it may have been intended for personal use.
The manuscript may have been written originally in
Finland
, but it was certainly there in
1512
when it was purchased by
Påval Hermansson
, presumably a local judge, for use in
Sääksmäki
. The Finnish kalendar found at the end of the volume was probably added during this time.
The manuscript was purchased for
Sääksmäki
parish in
1512
. ‘Liber iste est possidendus territorium Sex æmeky emptus pro xx marker per virum spectabilem paulum hermandzson Anno domini mdxij
o
jn crastino(?) petri et pale(!)’ ‘Si quis alienauerit hunc librum a territorio prefato alienauerit ipse a regno dei’ (fol.
130v
).
Påval Hermansson
is probably identical with the judge appearing in
Sääksmäki
1516
(see
FMU 5882
).
Fol.
119v
contains an unidentified coat of arms:
Argent (uncoloured), a tree eradicated sprouting out two branches with a single leaf proper bordure vert embattled chief vert and argent
. Crest:
On a helmet with mantling argent and vert two arms bowed counter embowed vambraced argent holding pine branches proper
.
Later on the manuscript came into the collections of the minister and book collector,
Otto Thott
(1703–1785). Upon his death, the manuscripts in his collection were received by the
Royal Library in Copenhagen
by bequest. Shelf-mark ‘2100 Thottske Saml.’ on inner front cover. The Royal Library’s stamp on the inside front cover and inside back cover.
G. E. Klemming,
Småstycken på forn svenska
, Stockholm 1868–1881.
C. J. Schlyter,
Uplands-lagen
, Corpus iuris Sueo-Gotorum Antiqui, vol. 3, Stockholm 1834, xxvii–xxviii.
C. J. Schlyter,
Konung Magnus Erikssons Landslag
, Corpus iuris Sueo-Gotorum Antiqui, vol. 10, Lund 1862, xliv–xlv.
Patrik Åström,
Vattenmärken i svenska medeltida laghandskrifter och Uppsala universitetsbiblioteks medeltida pappersbrev
, Uppsala 2013.
Cataloguer
Ville Walta
Finnish Literature Society (SKS)
Codices Fennici
Description: Creative Commons BY 4.0

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