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Stockholm, National Archives, C 1. Court records for southwestern Häme, 1506–1510 (Dombok för sydvästra Tavastland 1506–1510)

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Records of court sessions from 1506 to 1510 in southwestern
Häme (Tavastland) and two fragments with court records from
1464 and accounts.

Julkaisija

Finnish Literature Society (SKS)
Codices Fennici

Aikamääre

1464; 1506-1510
I: 1464; II: 1506-1510

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Formaatti

Paper

Kieli

Swedish

Identifiointitunnus

Stockholm
National Archives
C 1

Kattavuus

Finland

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Stockholm, National Archives, C 1. Court records for southwestern Häme, 1506–1510 (Dombok för sydvästra Tavastland 1506–1510)
1464
,
c
. 1506–1510
,
Finland
Records of court sessions from 1506 to 1510 in southwestern
Häme
(Tavastland) and two fragments with court records from 1464 and accounts.
I:
Fols. : Two fragments, one contains court records from
1464
and the other accounts. Both related to
Varsinais-Suomi
. Ed.
Hausen 1881–1883, 128–129
.
Waartinget. Anno domini mcdlxiiii
o
tisdagen nest effter warfrva dagh visitacionis [3 July 1464] tha war hæridis ting j Resa sokn j biriala by ... ... pedher beyare dabat ij öre. virmo. Item lænsman soluit ... ... som han mich fich j mit hærberge.
(Fols. 3–5 are blank apart from a short note on fol. .)
II:
Fols. : Records of court sessions held in Southwestern
Häme
(
Tavasland
) from 1506 to 1510. The sessions are arranged according to their location and date. Ed.
Hausen 1881–1883, 129–300
.
Anno domini m d sexto om helge likame afton [10 June 1506] tha war somar ting med almwghen i loymo sokn i oyisby ... ... man främäre effter xii
a
ranzacan. (fols.
189v
are blank).
(Fols. , , , –v, , , are blank.)
Paper
189 folios
10,5cm × 29cm
Modern foliation in ink in the upper right margin.
>(II+1)
5
; 4VIII
69
+ II(VI + IV + II)
97
+ VIII
113
+ (IV+3)
124
+ 2VIII
156
+ III
162
+ IV
170
+ (VI–1)
181
+ IV
189
Part one, the first quire (fols. 1–5), consists of older fragments, which have probably been added to the court records at a later date for unknown reasons. Fol. 2 has been pasted on to fol. 3.
Fols. 70–71 and 96–97 form a quire of two bifolia between which three other quires have been entered; fols. 121–123 have been pasted between fols. 120 and 124; a leaf has been torn before fol. 171.
The manuscript has suffered various damage: The binding has become loose in several places. The first quire is almost completely loose; Fols. 86–89 are loose; the quire containing fols. 114–124 is almost completely loose. Fols. 114–118 have a tear in the lower-right margin, which has caused some loss of text. There is staining, tearing and fraying along the edges.
One unruled column with a varying number of lines.
I: Fols. 1–2 are written by two hands. The first is from
saec. XV
2
; the second is probably slightly later.
II: One main hand writing a rapid and modest cursive hand from the
beginning of saec. XVI
. Another hand appears on fols. . Fol. : a
Latin
sentence by another hand, below it an erased marking in
Swedish
. Fol. :
probationes pennae
mentioning, for example, a
Henrik Eriksson
(see
Hausen 1881–1883, 265
).
There is no decoration. Layout and other features serve practical purposes.
A limp binding of dark brown leather covers. The back cover extends in a wrap-around flap to close the volume. No straps or clasps are visible. At the front a modern pastedown with the shelf-mark, a title ‘Finska Domböcker 1464, 1506–1510’, and reference to the modern edition. The sewing has been done using leaves of parchment rolled into strings. Fragments from the same parchment manuscript have been used as guards in the centres of the quires.
The court records of southwestern
Häme
from 1506 to 1510
were written in a rapid and careless hand, mainly by one scribe. The manuscript has a format typical of account books. The contents are organized geographically according to the place of the session, and the court records falling between 1506 and 1510 are presented in chronological order. According to
Pirinen (1947, 80–81)
the manuscript contains originals of the records kept during the sessions.
Two small fragments have been entered at the beginning of the manuscript. It is uncertain when this was done, but the fragments are not related to the rest of the manuscript, since they contain considerably earlier court records from another area as well as accounts.
The manuscript may have come into the possession of
Anna Hansdotter Tott
by inheritance from Judge
Olav Jönsson
in
1511
.
Anna Tott’s archives were subsequently passed through marriage to the Bielke family and moved to
Åkerö
estates in Södermanland (
Pirinen 1947, 83–86
).
If the manuscript were among those housed in Åkerö, then its presence today in the
Swedish National Archives
is explained, since the collection at least parts of the collection were confiscated in
1605
by the crown. An alternative provenance, that the manuscript was moved to the National Archives from the
Svea Court of Appeals
, was suggested by
Hausen (1881–1883, II)
. National Archives mark ‘C.1’ on the front pastedown , and ‘1’ in ink on the front cover.
Reinhold Hausen (ed.),
Bidrag till Finlands historia 1
, Helsingfors 1881–1883, II.
Kauko Pirinen, ”Suomen keskiaikaiset arkistot”,
Historiallinen arkisto 52
(1947), 80–86.
Cataloguer
Ville Walta
Finnish Literature Society (SKS)
Codices Fennici
Creative Commons BY 4.0

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