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Helsinki, National Library, D.II.46. Peter of Spain, Tractatus (Summulae logicales)

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Peter of Spain, Tractatus, with commentaries.

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Finnish Literature Society (SKS)
Codices Fennici

Aikamääre

1400-1499
Saec. XV

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Latin

Identifiointitunnus

Helsinki
National Library
D.II.46

Kattavuus

Germany
Cologne(?)

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Helsinki, National Library, D.II.46. Peter of Spain, Tractatus (Summulae logicales)
Saec. XV
,
Germany
,
Cologne
(?) (
Sweden
,
Yläne
)
Peter of Spain
,
Tractatus
, with commentaries.
Fols. -
Peter of Spain
,
Tractatus (Summule logicales)
Ed.
L.M. de Rijk,
Peter of Spain,
Tractatus, called afterwards Summule logicales
(Assen 1972)
. The order of the tractates differs from the edition: tractate number seven (which is found here as the abbreviated version known as
Fallaciae minores
) is placed fifth, tractate five is placed sixth and tractate six is placed seventh.
Fols. ,
Tractatus
1.11,5 line 24–1.21,13 line 14.
ut homo est animal ... ... ad uerbum et alia ad modum sit |
Fols. , , ,
Tractatus
2.7,19 line 5–2.21.
subalternum est quod ... ... dicitur accidens predicari denominatiue.
Fols. , ,
Tractatus
3.1–3.5,29 line 22; 3.16,34 line 6–3.33.
Ad cognitionem predicamentorum ... ... ut duplum triplumque ubi | autem non est qualitas ... ... pene omnes enumerate sunt, et ad istum modum alii reducuntur.
Fols. ,
Tractatus
4–4.3,44 line 15, 4.8,48 line 15–4.14.
Propositio est oratio ... secunda figura est quando idem predicatur in utraque | negatiua et uniuersali affirmatiua uniuersalem negatiuam ... ... in utraque coniugatione inutili. Et hoc ad presens de coniugatione inutile sufficiat.
Fols. ,
Tractatus
7, an abbreviated version, ed.
I. M. Bochénski OP,
Petri Hispani. Summulae logicales
(Fribourg 1947), 7.01–7.09, 7.15–7.54, 7.57, 7.62–7.64
. (The manuscript offers a slightly different version to the edition. The example phrases, for instance, are often different.)
(in upper margin:
Tractatus sextus
) Sylogismorum alius dyalecticus alius demonstratiuus alius sophistica ... ... Ideo primo dicendum est de fallaciis | Tercia species equivocacionis ... ... homo currit probatio illa nulla est | ... uel communicat in terminis ... Proposicio plures est in qua ... ... aptum natum est vedere et non est |
Fols. ,
Tractatus
5.9,62 line 23–5.32,73 line 16, 5.40.
interpretatione maxima quidquid removetur a ... ... habitude ipsius ad maius. Et est | ... cum ad reliquum ut si sortes ... Et hec dicta de locis sufficiant.
Fols. ,
Tractatus
6.1-12.
(in upper margin:
Tractatus de supposicionibus qui est septimus
) Eorum que dicuntur quedam dicuntur cum ... ... omnis confusio est necessitate signi uel modi et non necessitate rei.
Fols. ,
Tractatus
8.1–8.17,192 line 26.
(upper margin:
Octavus tractatus
) Relativum est duplex uno modo relativum est cuius esse ... ... ydemptitatis substantie refert eandem substantiam in |
Fol. ,
Tractatus
9.5, 196 line 8–10.4.
verbo ui adduntur ut homo potens esse ... Et hec de ampliacionibus dicta sufficient. (Upper margin:
De appellacionibus tractatus decimus
). Appellacio est accepcio termini pro re communis ... ... et appellat homines particulares existentes.
Fols. ,
Tractatus
11
(Upper margin:
Tractatus undecimus de restrictionibus
) Dicto de ampliacionibus et appellacionibus dicendum est ... ... Et hec de restrictionibus dicta sufficiant.
Fols. ,
Tractatus
12.1–10,216 line 21, 12.16,219 line 20–12.30
(Upper margin:
Tractatus duodecimus
) Distribucio est multiplicacio termini ... ... homo est et quodlibet diversus ab illo | predicta queritur de hoc sophismate. Nullus homo est omnis homo ... ... et hec de distribucionibus dicta sufficiant.
Fols. blank
Fol. and pastedown on back cover: Grammatical/logical notes
,
Pons asinorum
.
Additions: Notes related to the
Tractatus
are written on slips pasted to fol. 1r, and added after fols. 1, 2, 12, 13, 19, 21, 22, 42. Two loose slips are found in a separate envelope. Fol. 7 is left blank. On fols. , , is commentary on Bk III,
De predicamentis.
Paper
83 folios.
14,5cm × 22cm (7cm × 11,5-12cm)
Modern foliation in pencil in the upper right-hand corner of the recto side.
>(VII-5)(+4)
13
+ (VIII-4)(+3)
28
+ (VII-2)
40
+ (VII-7)
47
+ (VII-2)
59
+ (VII-2)
71
+ (VII-3)
82
+ 1
83
In the first and second quires, several leaves are missing from each, but others were inserted later (four in the first quire and three in the second), and these are included in the modern foliation.
Added folia: fols. 7, 9–10 (a loose bifolium), 11, 14–16. Added slips: on fol. 1r and after fols. 1, 2, 12 (loose), 13, 19, 21, 22, 42. Two slips in a separate envelope: one belongs between fols. 41 and 42, the other looks like it has been removed from the binding. Lacunae, often resulting where several leaves have been cut out, before fol. 1, after fols. 4, 13, 22, 28, 40, 41, 47, 59, 71, and a leaf also seems to have been excised after 80. The missing leaves are generally from the middle or outermost parts of the quire. Apart from the missing leaves the manuscript is in fairly good condition.
20–26 lines of text in one column with vertical and horizontal bounding lines occasionally visible and ample margins.
One main hand, writing a
15th-cent.
cursive. Extensive additions in cursive by at least five distinct
15th-cent.
hands.
On fols. , fleuronné-decorated initials in red and blue. Thereafter book-initials are usually missing or have been added later. In one initial, which was added later, on the text ‘Colonia flos florum’ is found. Monochromatic initials also on fol. , , . Red lombards in two sizes appear fairly regularly throughout the manuscript, some are flourished in blue. Paraphs and emphasizing of capital letters in red carried out throughout the manuscript with some exceptions. Chapter headings added in the upper margin in red. On fols. marginal notes and additions made with red crayon.
Medieval; undecorated dark brown leather on wood. The binding is in rather poor condition, with the leather cracked and the bands partly showing. Remnants of a hook-clasp attached to the front cover are visible. Front pastedown/flyleaf missing: a leaf from an
Old Swedish
version of
Florez et Blanchefleur
was discovered and subsequently removed from this binding by
Aarno Malin
(
Malin 1921
).
The manuscript was probably written in
Germany
and used in university studies as is suggested by the additions and added leaves written by different hands and containing commentaries on the texts. There are several leaves missing and in consequence only a few tractates (6, 10, and 11) are complete. The presence of an
Old Swedish
fragment found in the binding renders it likely that the work was (re-)bound in
Sweden
during the middle ages. By
1658
the manuscript was in the possession of
Yläne
chapel. It is uncertain how it arrived there, but since another university book written in
Germany
(
Helsinki, National Library, Coll.762.2
) also belonged to Yläne chapel, it is possible they arrived together with a (Finnish) student or else were inherited from one.
Addition on ‘Colonia flos florum’. Suggests a possible provenance.
The presence of an
Old Swedish
fragment of
Florez et Blanchefleur
found in the binding renders it likely that the work was (re-)bound in
Sweden
during the middle ages.
On : a
16th-cent.
hand writes a few words in
Swedish
.
, in a hand of
saec. XVIII
: ‘Yläne Capell Kyrka tillhörigt. Jön. Enberg’, referring to
Jonas Enberg
who assisted the chaplain in
Yläne
in
1789
(
Yrjö Kotivuori, Ylioppilasmatrikkeli 1640–1852: Jonas Enberg. Online publication 2005
. Accessed 1.10.2014
). The manuscript is reported in inventories of St Olav’s chapel, Yläne, in
1658
,
1729
,
1750
, and
1782
.
The manuscript entered the collections of the
National library
in
1863
. Inner back cover: National Library’s shelf-mark in a modern hand ‘D II 46’, ‘ D 2’.
Yrjö Kotivuori, Ylioppilasmatrikkeli 1640–1852, online publication 2005.
Anja Inkeri Lehtinen, "Keskiajan filosofisia käsikirjoituksia",
Bibliophilos
54:1 (1995), 10–12.
Anja Inkeri Lehtinen, "Suomen keskiajan filosofian lähteistä",
Aate ja maailmankuva. Suomen filosofista perintöä keskiajalta vuosisadallemme
, eds. S. Knuutila, J. Manninen, I. Niiniluoto, Helsinki 1979, 27–28.
Aarno Malin, "Ett fragment från medeltiden av en hittills okänd textvariant av den fornsvenska Flores och Blanzeflor",
Studier i nordisk filologi
12 (1921), 1–5.
Aulikki Ylönen,
Pöytyän, Yläneen ja Oripään historia vuoteen 1865
, Helsinki 1969, 122–123.
Cataloguer
Jesse Keskiaho
Ville Walta
Finnish Literature Society (SKS)
Codices Fennici
Creative Commons BY 4.0

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