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Helsinki, National Library, Coll.762.2. An abridgement of Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologiae

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An abridgement or selections from Thomas Aquinas, Summa
theologiae.

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Finnish Literature Society (SKS)
Codices Fennici

Aikamääre

1350-1449
Saec. XIV 2/2 - Saec. XV 1/2

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Paper

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Latin

Identifiointitunnus

Helsinki
National Library
Coll.762.2

olim uncatalogue cod. 4

Kattavuus

Germany

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Helsinki, National Library, Coll.762.2. An abridgement of Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologiae
Saec. XIV
2
/XV
1
,
Germany
(
Yläne
)
An abridgement or selections from
Thomas Aquinas
,
Summa theologiae
, i
a
-ii
ae
, qq. 50–114; ii
a
-ii
ae
, qq. 2–189, iii
a
, qq. 1–86 (imperf.).
Front cover: ‘Responsiones siue conclusiones quaestionum tocius summe beati Thome de Aquino [compend]iose et efficaciter’. The text is much modified and abridged from the original.
Fols. : Excerpts from Prima secundae
(Several folia missing before) (
Quaestio
50) tum etiam quia ad visionem ...
Quaestio
51 De causa autem generationis habituum ... (
Quaestio
60) pauce sunt virtutes | (
Quaestio
66) vel vitam pertinent quia est ... (
Quaestio
114) et gloriam deo qui est benedictus in secula seculorum amen.
Fols. : Excerpts from Secunda secundae
(
Quaestio
2) in ipsum ut in finem(?) ...
De mutilatione membrorum
(
Quaestio
65) Circa mutilationem vero membrorum | (
Quaestio
66) -ium est per violentiam rapine ... (
Quaestio
189) ... iugum xpi conferens requiem animarum per gratiam dei qui est benedictus in secula seculorum amen ( blank).
Fols. : Excerpts from Pars Tertia; (the quire containing questions 16–52 is bound in an incorrect order, see below).
(iii
a
,
Quaestio
1) Post considerationem de deo et operibus eius ... (
Quaestio
86)... et effectivum in hoc sacramento. Ex vi |
Paper
161 folios.
21cm × 30cm (15 (6,5 + 2 + 6,5)cm × 21,5cm)
Modern foliation with pencil in the upper right-hand margin.
(VI-6)
6
+ (VI-3)
15
+ 4VI
63
+ (VI-1)
74
+ 7VI
158
+ (VI-9)
161
Lacunae
before fol. 1, and after fols. 6, 38, 65, 161. A stub is visible after fol. 28, but no text is missing. The stub is probably what remains of a singleton that was added after fol. 38, but has since been cropped. Quire signatures (5–18) have been added on the last folio of a quire (lower-inner margin). The signature after the first quire is ‘5’, showing that four quires have been lost from the beginning of the book.
The quire containing fols. 135–146 has been folded incorrectly so that the inner leaves are now the outer leaves of the quire. The result is that the text from continues on , the text on on , and the text on on . This mix-up has been noticed by the scribe who has written instructions in the margins on , , and . It would seem from this that the writing was done before the folding.
Folia from
c
. fol. 73 onwards have been damaged in the upper-outer margin, possibly by fire.
Two columns with
c
. 38 lines. Vertical and horizontal bounding lines have been ruled in ink. Modern foliation with pencil in the upper right-hand margin. Prickings visible in the upper, lower and outer margins.
One scribe writing a well-practiced gothic cursive of
saec. XV
. The script is suggestive of
Germany
as the place of origin (
Lehtinen 1995, 11
). The same scribe has added headlines in the margins against some of the
quaestiones
. The addition of numbers to the
quaestiones
was possibly the work of another scribe (or reader).
Initials are simple lombards in red. Paraphs, underlinings and letters are done in red.
Litterae notabiliores
on the top line are often elongated. There are occasionally faces or other decorative motifs (e.g. ). In the first part (
Prima secundae
), the title of the book is written in the upper margin and numbers for
quaestiones
added in red ink.
Wooden boards with dark brown leather covers. Blind-stamped diamond-shapes on both covers. Two clasps were attached to the front cover; today only a part of the leather remains. Paper pastedowns on inner front and back covers. On the inner front cover, bits of a parchment leaf are visible below the paper pastedown. Pasted on the outer front cover, a piece of paper with the title ‘Responsiones siue conclusiones questionum tocius summe beati thome de aquino [compend]iose et efficaciter’.
The script, combined with the note on the inner back cover, suggests that the manuscript has a German origin and early provenance. It contains an abridgement of
Thomas Aquinas
’s
Summa theologiae.
The manuscript shows little sign of having been used. The practised script, quire signatures, and the binding of one quire in the wrong order all suggest commercial copying. There are four quires missing from the beginning.
In the back cover, a pledge note, dated
13 August 1439
: ‘Anno dominice incarnacionis 1439 dominus Godfridus Vasoldi in die Ypoliti martiris exposuit pro domino Goschalko Schellin quintam mediam marcam pro expensis suis et fecit fidem vni pro sex marcis et vij s. et presentauit ei compendium philosophie pro iiij marcis; in fidem illius restituit ei hunc librum suum, velle eorum etc.’ (edited in
FMU 2297
). By
1658
, the manuscript was in the possession of the church of
Yläne
, where it appears in the inventory as one of the ‘monk books’.On inner front cover: ‘Yläne Capell Kyrka tillhörig 1793. Jon. Enberg’. The manuscript is one of those reported in the church inventories of 1658, 1729, 1750 and 1782.
Since another university book written in Germany (
Helsinki, National Library, D.II.46
) also belonged to
Yläne
church, it is possible they arrived together with a (Finnish) student or were inherited from one. From
Yläne
the manuscript was moved to the
National Archives
in
1863
, and from there to the
National Library
in
1971
.
FMU =
Finlands medeltidsurkunder, 1-8
, utg. Reinhold Hausen, Helsingfors 1910–1935. (Available online)
A. I. Lehtinen, "Keskiajan filosofisia käsikirjoituksia",
Bibliophilos
54:1 (1995), 10–12.
>[A. I. Lehtinen],
Tuomas Akvinolainen n. 1225-1274. Näyttely 29.5.-30.9.1974
, Helsinki 1974.
A. Ylönen,
Pöytyän, Yläneen ja Oripään historia vuoteen 1865
, Helsinki 1969.
Cataloguer
Jesse Keskiaho
Ville Walta
Finnish Literature Society (SKS)
Codices Fennici
Creative Commons BY 4.0

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