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Helsinki, National Archives, Erik Fleming’s land records 1442–1551

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A record of the lands and estates owned by Erik Fleming
(1487–1548) and his spouse Hebla
Siggesdotter (d. ?1571).
A record of the lands and estates owned by Erik
Fleming (1487–1548) and his
spouse Hebla Siggesdotter (d. ?1571),
consisting of two separate inventories of cattle on estates and rents levied from
them, and copies of documents and notes relating the estates and their boundaries
(edited by Oja 1964, 1a–172).

Julkaisija

Finnish Literature Society (SKS)
Codices Fennici

Aikamääre

1533-1565
Saec. XVI 2/3

Oikeudet

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4.0

Formaatti

Paper

Kieli

Swedish

Identifiointitunnus

Helsinki
National Archives
Erik Flemingin maakirja / Erik Flemings jordebok

Kattavuus

Finland
Kuitia
Kuitia

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Helsinki, National Archives, Erik Fleming’s land records 1442–1551
Saec. XVI 2/3
,
Finland
,
Kuitia
(?)
A
record of the lands and estates owned by
Erik Fleming
(
1487–1548
) and his spouse
Hebla Siggesdotter
(d.
?1571
), consisting of two separate inventories of cattle on estates and rents levied from them, and copies of documents and notes relating the estates and their boundaries
(edited by
Oja 1964, 1a–172
)
.
P. 1
‘Thetta är Strengie ridderis här Eriich Flämingx Iorda Book Innehollendhe alla the Vtdragna Copier aff hans Iorda brieff’, and, in another hand, ‘Oc huru mykin Inuentarium på huart hans godz her j Finland är. Oh så huad alle hans gordar och godz Rentte bode i Sverige oc j Finland, Bescriffuet Anno MDXLVI:o.’ Also the mottoes (possibly in the same hand as the original title): ‘Initium sapientie Timor Domini’ and ‘Respice finem’. (
Oja 1964, 1b
.)
Pp.
2
7
,
14
17
: copies of documents concerning especially estates in
Siuntio
.
Pp.
19
21
, copies of documents concerning estates in
Lohja
Pp.
25
88
, inventory of the livestock and record of rents levied from Fleming’s estates, presumably from
1545
(the text is written by the same hand that dates the addition on
p. 1
). The text has been furnished with various notes (for example on houses owned in Swedish and Finnish cities) and copies of documents added in different times.
Pp.
92
95
, Copy of a charter dated
1524
of
Lars Siggesson
(the brother of
Erik Fleming
’s widow
Hebla Siggesdotter
), containing a list of the estates and rents he had inherited.
Pp.
127
134
, copies of
Gustav Vasa
’s charters and privileges to Fleming and his kin, dated
1524–1543
.
Pp.
139
190
, copies of documents concerning various estates.
Pp.
197
268
, copies of documents concerning various estates (for example,
Gårdskulla i Siuntio
, pp.
197
217
).
Pp.
423
426
, copy of
Erik Fleming
’s memorandum in
1541
to his nephew
>Lars Fleming
regarding the family estates.
Pp.
428
466
, inventory of cattle, and record of rents levied from Fleming’s estates, dated
April 7 1541
.
Pp.
467
471
notes on
Hebla Sparre
’s estates.
On inner back cover various
probationes pennae
.
Pp.
8
13
,
18
,
22
24
,
89
91
,
96
126
,
135
138
,
191
196
,
269
422
and
427
are blank.
The years mentioned in the modern name of the book are misleading: the older terminus only marks the original date of the oldest document copied. Based on the dates entered in the book, it includes copies of documents made between
1532
(e.g.
p. 53
) and
1560
(
p. 154
), and two inventories of rented estates from
1541
and
1545
(see the addition to the title of the book,
p. 1
).
Extra quire
1
32
: Inside the manuscript there is a loose quire containing an alphabetical index of place-names found in the manuscript. This quire was written in
Stockholm
by the Finnish cameral scribe,
A. E. Schwartz
,
1767
.
Paper
474 pages (237 fols.) + 16 fols. (registry)
22cm × 32,5cm
Page numbering has been added into the upper outer margin apparently in
saec. XIX
. This numbering has skipped some pages (after pp.
191
and
192
); page 286 has been counted twice. In the lower margin older foliation is visible until
p. 103
(fol. 52).
>(V-2)
16
+ (V-2)
32
+ V
52
+ IV
68
+ 6V
188
+ IV
202
+ 2V
242
+ IV
248
+ 7V
397
+ (V-1)
415
+ 2V
455
+ (V-2)
471
Upper third of pp.
468
471
has been torn. Several leaves exhibit moisture damage and are dirty especially at the edges. In general, however, the manuscript is in good condition.
The manuscript has a similar type of watermark (a
crown
) appearing throughout the manuscript, but there are at least two different series; both of the type commonly found in
Germany
during the first half of the 16th century
(see, for example,
Piccard Online, nrs. 52571–52586
).
Text in one column, on some pages vertical bounding lines in ink. Varying number of lines.
At least six different scribes. Most of them write a cursive typical of the
middle of saec. XVI
, but on pp.
2
and
53
one hand writes a script more typical of
saec. XV
2
or saec. XVI
1
.
No decorations.
Blind-tooled brown leather on wooden boards. Probably made by bookbinder
Bartolomeus
, attested at
Uppsala
in
1519
and
Stockholm
in
1527–1538
(
Oja 1964, vi
). The edge of the front cover has two attachments for hook clasps, fastening at the edge of the back cover. A
19th-cent.
paper label has been pasted in at the back of the book, reading ‘Erik Flemings Jordebok 1420–1558’.
The manuscript contains charters from
1442
onwards, notes and inventories from
1541
and
1545
, with list of levied rents from the estates of
Erik Fleming
and his spouse
Hebla Siggesdotter
. The manuscript has various sections that overlap: in additions to the overlapping inventories, there are for example, charters concerning the boundary lines between
Gårdskulla
and
Svidja
both on pp.
3
4
and
197
199
. The regular quire structure and the fact that much of the paper comes from the same source suggests that the manuscript was formed in an organized manner, although its contents were put together from a few different sources created over a period of time. There are plenty of empty leaves that would have allowed for further entries. The term ‘copybook’ could thus perhaps more accurately describe the volume.
The earliest year in the title only refers to the earliest document included in the copybook. The manuscript was actually written in
saec. XVI 2/3
. In addition to copies of various charters, lists of estates from
1541
and
1545
, and levied rents, the manuscript includes various notes dated between
1532 and 1560
. This suggests that the manuscript was written between these dates, and that writing was continued after the death of
Erik Fleming
in
1548
by his widow
Hebla Siggesdotter
.
Possibly the manuscript was originally kept in
Kuitia
,
Erik Fleming
’s manor in
Finland
.
Inside the front cover
, the coats of arms and initials of
Erik Fleming
and his wife,
Hebla Siggesdotter Sparre
(the same coat of arms are depicted on the
inside back cover
, but lacking the initials). Also notes, possibly in
Erik Fleming
’s own hand, concerning the births of his sons and correspondence (this latter note struck through), as well as pen trials.
‘Bleff Hertiig Eriich födt viij dagar före jull anno 33 och min son Jachim Fleming bleff födt på samme ori j fastenn.’ ‘Item sende jag til Abo … sit signette före.’ (
Oja 1964, 1a.
)
Donated to the present
National Archives
in
1864
from the Archives of the
Swedish Chamber Collegium
, where it had probably ended up in the
1590s
after the Crown dispossessed the heirs of
Klaus Fleming
, Erik’s son (
Oja 1964, vii–viii
).
A. Oja (ed.),
Eerik Flemingin maakirjat
, Lisiä Suomen historiaan VII, Helsinki 1964.
Cataloguer
Jesse Keskiaho
Ville Walta
Finnish Literature Society (SKS)
Codices Fennici
Creative Commons BY 4.0

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