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Naantali, Church archives, III e:1. Breviarium

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Breviarium

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Finnish Literature Society (SKS)
Codices Fennici

Aikamääre

1333-1365
Saec. XIV 2/3

Oikeudet

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Reproduction: Tea Åvall, SKS
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Parchment and paper

Kieli

Latin

Identifiointitunnus

Naantali
Church Archives
III e:1

Kattavuus

Western Europe

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Naantali, Church archives, III e:1. Breviarium
Saec. XIV 2/3
,
Western Europe
(
Naantali
)
Breviarium
I:
Fols.
1r
49r
:
Psalter
(imperf., Psalms 57–100, 102–150).
[1r]
(Psalm 57) --- veritatem suam [et eripuit] animam ...
[6r]
... (Psalm 67) plebi sue benedictus deus.
[6v]
Feria quinta
(Psalm 68) Salvum me fac deus ...
[15v]
Feria sexta
(Psalm 80) Exsultate deo adiutori ...
[24v]
... (Psalm 100) omnes operantes inquitatem |
[25r]
... (Psalm 102) miserator et misericors ...
[49r]
... (Psalm 150) omnis spiritus laudet dominum.
Fols. 49r–55r: Canticles
[49r]
canticum
Confitebor tibi domine quoniam iratus es ...
[54v]
... Te deum laudamus te domino confitemus ...
[55r]
... non confundar in eternum.
[55r]
(Athanasian Creed) Quicumque uult saluus esse ...
[56r]
... salvus esse non poterit.
Fols.
56r
57v
:
Letania
Fols.
57v
58r
:
Collecta
[57v]
Orationes
Protege domine famulos ...
[58r]
... secura tibi seruiat libertate.
Fols.
58r
60v
: Exorcism of Salt, prayers, benedictions.
[58r]
(in a different, later hand; John 1:1–14) In principio erat verbum ... plenum gratie et veritatis; [
58vb
-
59ra
] (Exorcism of Salt) [E]xorzizo te creatura ... ubique adesse dignetur per eiusdem.
[59rb]
(Oratio) Exaudi nos domine sancte pater ... [
59ra
-b] (Benedictions, in a different
15th-century
hand) Deus qui universum mundum ... Benedicte domine thalamum istum.
[60v]
(Capitula; in a
15th-century
hand, badly rubbed).
Fols.
61r
304v
:
Breviary
,
de tempore
, imperf. (apart from certain lections and abbreviated sections, most of the text is identical compared with
Breviarium fratrum Praedicatorum
, Venezia 1481;
GW
5217
).
[61r]
Ecce dies ueniunt ...
[299ra]
In dedicatione
Sanctificavit dominus tabernaculum suum ...
[304vb]
... et inhabitare dignatur.
Fols.
304v
498v
:
Breviary
,
de sanctis
, imperf. (Lections often differ from the printed edition cited above).
[304v]
In vigilia Andree.
In illis stabat iohannes et ex discipulis ...
[305v]
Andree apostoli super psalmos
[308v]
Nycolai
;
[312r]
Damasi
;
[312v]
Lucie
;
[314r]
Thome
;
[316r]
Stephani
;
[320r]
Johannis apostoli
|
[321r]
(Antonius, imperf.)
Prisce
;
[321v]
Fabiani
(imperf.)
|
[323r]
(Agnes, imperf.);
[325v]
Vincenti
;
[328v]
Emerentiane
;
[328v]
Pauli
(imperf.) |
[334r]
(Ignatii, imperf.);
[334r]
In Purificatio
;
[339r]
Blasij
;
[339v]
Agathe
;
[343r]
Vedasti
,
Scolastice
;
[343v]
Valentini
(imperf.) |
[344r]
(Cathedra Petri, imperf.),
Mathye
;
[345v]
Thome Aquine
;
[350v]
Gregorii
;
[352v]
Benedicti
(imperf.) |
[353r]
(Annunciatio dominica, imperf.);
[355v]
Ambrosius
(imperf.) |
[356v]
(Commune sanctorum, imperf.)
De apostolis;
[357v]
Tyburtii
;
[358r]
Georgij
;
[358v]
Marci
;
[359v]
Vitalis
;
[360r]
Petri apostoli
(imperf.) |
[361r]
(Philippi, imperf.);
[361v]
In feste cruces;
[364r]
Corone
(imperf.)|
[366r]
(Johannes ante portam, imperf.);
[366r]
Gordiani;
[366v]
Nerei;
[367v]
Potentiane;
[367v]
In translatio
;
[370r]
Vrbani
;
[370v]
Petronille
,
Marcellini
;
[371v]
Medardi
, Primi;
[372r]
Barnabas
;
[374r]
Basilidis
;
[374v]
Antonij
;
[375r]
Cyrici
,
Marci et marcelliani
(
Viti et Modesti
have been added in the lower margin in a hand of
saec XV
);
[376r]
Geruasij
;
[377r]
In vigilia
,
[377v]
Johannis bapt.
;
[383v]
(Iohannes et Pauli, imperf.);
[385v]
Leonis
,
In vigilia petri et pauli
;
[391r]
In commemoratio pauli
(imperf.) |
[394r]
(Christina, imperf.),
Iacobi
;
[396r]
Marthe
;
[397r]
Nazarii
;
[397v]
Felicis
;
[398r]
Abdon
;
[398v]
Germani
;
[399v]
Ad vincula Petri
;
[401v]
Stephani
;
[402r]
In inuentio Stephani
;
[404v]
In festo Dominici
(imperf.)|
[409r]
(Hippoliti, imperf.);
[412r]
In vigilia assumptionis
;
[418r]
Agapiti
;
[418v]
Bernardi
;
[420r]
Tymothei
;
[420v]
Bartholomei
;
[422r]
Ludewici
;
[423v]
Augustini
(imperf.);
[428r]
In decollatio
;
[430v]
Sabine
,
Felicis
,
Egidij
,
Marcelij
;
[430v]
In nativitas
;
[435r]
Gorgonii
;
[435v]
Prothii
,
Exaltatio crucis
;
[439r]
Nycomedi
,
Eufemi
;
[439v]
Lamberti
,
In vigilia Matthei
;
[442r]
Maurici;
[443v]
Cosme
;
[445v]
Wenzlai
;
[446r]
Mychaelis
;
[450v]
Ieronimi
;
[452v]
Remigij
;
[453r]
Leodegarii
; (
454v
: a
15th-century
note concerning St Francis in lower margin);
[455r]
Marci
;
[455r]
Sergij
;
[455v]
Dyonisij
;
[457r]
Eduardi
;
[458r]
Calixti
,
Luce
;
[460r]
XI milium
;
[461v]
Crispini
;
[462r]
Symonis
;
[463v]
Quintini
,
Omnium sanctorum
(imperf.);
[467r]
(
Omnium defunctorum
);
[469v]
(
Quattuor coronatorum
);
[470r]
Theodori
;
[470v]
Martini
(imperf.);
[473r]
Brictij
,
Elyzabet
,
Cecilie
;
[476v]
Clementis
;
[479r]
Crisogoni
,
Katerine
;
[483v]
Vitalis
,
Saturini
; [
484r
-
498v
] (
Commune sanctorum
, imperf.)
De communi apostolorum
...
[498v]
... Regina celi letare alleluia quia quam ...
II:
Fols.
409r
506v
: An additional quire, written in a hand of
saec. XV
2
/ saec. XVI
1
.
[409r]
(Barbarae, imperf.) ... et videns eam undique sanatam ...
[501r]
... necessitatibus nostris senciamus per dominum
[501v]
Hystoria sancta gertrudis
. Ave gertrudis virgo grata ex regali stirpe ...
[504v]
... deducat eam ad domnium.
[505r]
(
Decem milium martirum
, imperf.) Deus qui ad invitandum passionis tue ...
[506v]
... quasi quindecim stadiis ...
Parchment and paper
Fols. 1–498 parchment (main section), 6 + 8 + 6 paper (fols. 499–506 and flyleaves)
6 + 506 + 6 folios
10cm × 14cm
Modern foliation was added in the course of the description in upper right margin. A previous scholar added foliation to some leaves, but miscalculated and ended up with the count of 499 leaves for the parchment section.
6 + (VII–3)
11
+ (VII–1)
24
+ 2VII
52
+ IV
60
+ 5VII
130
+ (VII–1)
143
+ 2VII
171
+ (VII–1)
184
+ 3VII
226
+ (VII–1)
239
+ VII
253
+ (VII–1)
266
+ 2VII
294
+ (VII–2)
306
+ VII
320
+(VII–1)
333
+ (VII–4)
343
+ (VII–2)
355
+ (VII–4)
365
+ 3VII
407
+ (VII–3)
418
+ (VII–1)
431
+ 2VII
459
+ (VII–2)
471
+ (VI–1)
482
+ (VII+2)
498
; IV
506
+ 6
Fols. 1, 73, 416 are torn. Lacuna after fols. 24, 140, 181, 237, 266, 294, 306, 320 (possibly a quire missing), 322, 333, 343, 352, 355, 360, 365, 393 (possibly a quire missing), 408, 426, 465, 472, 498. Last flyleaf has been glued to the inside of the back cover. The parchment is extremely thin and fine. Several folia have been corroded by the ink or otherwise damaged, possibly partly due to smoke or fire.
Psalter: two columns 23 lines; breviary: two columns 22–23 lines; both parts ruled in ink. Added section: one column with 13-18 lines.
Main hand: Gothic textualis (
saec. XIV
) written by a skilled scribe. Several additions or corrections in the margins and fols. 58–60, mostly in hands of
saec. XV
. Additional section in a hand of
saec. XV
2
/ saec. XVI
1
(
Taitto (1998, 8)
suggests the middle of saec. XV, but a somewhat later date fits better palaeographically).
Alternating initials in red and blue with fleuronné-decoration in the opposing colour. Smaller, simple lombardic initials in red and blue. Rubrics in red.
A rebound full leather binding on boards with blind-stamped decoration. Two hook-clasps, decorated with engravings, one of which is missing; attached to the back cover with rosettes; catches on the edge of the front cover.
The manuscript has two sections: the main section (fols. 1–498) contains a
saec. XIV
breviary
; the added section contains additional offices (fol. 499–506). Since the breviary contains the Feast of St
Thomas Aquinas
, the manuscript must postdate his canonisation in
1333
. St
Francis
is included in the litany, but for some reason left out of the sanctorale and mentioned only in a
15th-century
addition on fol.
454v
. The rest of the sanctorale is of little help in determining the origin or date of the manuscript. There are no local saints included in either section. The high quality of the parchment, script and decoration seem to point towards
Western Europe
, perhaps
France
, as the place of origin.
In the
Birgittine monastery of Naantali
by
1501
: fol.
426v:
'B.K. Ndal 1501';
431v
: ‘Naden’ ‘at’. This manuscript is also mentioned in the Naantali church inventory in
1628
.
fol.
1r
, in pencil '*** 1865'
First flyleaf: shelf-mark in a modern hand 'III e:1'.
The manuscript is still kept in the Church Archives.
Ilkka Taitto, ”Nivelles’n Pyhä Gertrud Naantalissa. Palanen riimiofficiumia 1400-luvun puolivälistä”,
Hymnos
1999, 7–14.
Ville Walta, ”Naantalin luostarin kirjasto”,
Suomen kirkkohistoriallisen seuran vuosikirja 2010
, 40–41.
Cataloguer
Jesse Keskiaho
Ville Walta
Finnish Literature Society (SKS)
Codices Fennici
Creative Commons BY 4.0

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