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Stockholm, National Archives, E8689 (olim. Cod. Skokl. Fol. 70). Skokloster Codex Aboensis

Kuvaus

Cartulary of Turku Cathedral

Julkaisija

Finnish Literature Society (SKS)
Codices Fennici

Aikamääre

1450-1499
Saec. XV 2/2 (1480s-1490s)

Oikeudet

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Formaatti

Paper (fol. 125 parchment)

Kieli

Swedish
Latin

Identifiointitunnus

Stockholm
National Archives
E8689
olim. Cod. Skokl. Fol. 70
Skokloster Codex Aboensis

Kattavuus

Diocese of
Turku

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Stockholm, National Archives, E8689 (olim. Cod. Skokl. Fol. 70). Skokloster Codex Aboensis
Saec. XV
2
(
1480s–1490s
),
diocese of Turku
Cartulary of Turku Cathedral
The
cartulary
contains 268 copies of charters, privileges and documents for the dean and chapter or bishop of
Turku cathedral
. The documents date from the
13th to 15th centuries
(with additions from the 16th century). Most of them are edited in
Registrum Ecclesiae Aboensis
(
REA
).
I:
Fols. : Documents concerning tithe taxes; papal and royal privileges. Several leaves are missing from this unit and due to that some of the documents are imperfect.
(The document is defective at the beginning; see
REA 103
) Quidam enim ex eis quasdam porciones ... ... (
REA 563
) et si in hiis superioribus| (the document ends imperfect)
Fols. : Documents concerning
Mensa episcopalis
and a dispute between the bishop representing the see and the Cistercian monastery of
Padise
,
Estonia
.
(the document begins in the middle;
REA 374
) tempus, et aliis perpetuo ad firmam uel sub censu ... ... (
REA 57
) in vigilia apostolorum beatorum Petri et Pauli.
Fols. : Charters concerning the property of the dean and chapter of
Turku cathedral
, arranged in geographical sequence.
Super bonis in norfindia et primo in raentemaeki in insula hirwesala
. (
REA 94
) Omnibus presentis scriptuum ... ... Vniuersis presentes litteras inspecturis omnes et singuli Alandiam inhabitantes salutem in Domino sempiternam| (the document ends imperfect).
II:
Fol. : Documents concerning the Chapel of All Saints in
Turku cathedral
. Some parts of this unit are difficult to read due to later additions.
Super Pankioki in Vema
. (
REA 401
) Kennes jak peder ludhi medh ... ... (
REA 668
) in til Abo tiil ider. Alzmektige Gud warj medh idher. Scriptum pemar --- [–v] (
REA 677–678
) Universis et singulis ... andra bref ther pa lwdha. (Followed by a heading for a missing document)
Copia littere episcopi super confirmatione ereccionis altaris omnium sanctorum et fundacionis Summe misse ibidem perpetue decantande
. (After this an additional, faded heading by a different hand,
De pena omittencium missas institutas
).
Fols. , , , , : Letter and sermon drafts, and verse (in
Latin
and
Swedish
) written in the empty margins and occasionally over the original text. Partly by
Arvidus Nicolai
, partly by another scribe (
saec. XVI
).
Paper (fol. 125 parchment)
1 + 124 + 1 folios.
23cm × 30cm
Medieval and modern foliation; the medieval foliation is split into two different sections: fols. 1–105 in arabic numerals (the foliation predates the excising of several leaves and ends at 165), fols. 106–124 (XVII–XLV) with roman numerals. The added parchment leaf (fol. 125) is marked as 'folium primum'. Most of the documents are provided with a title.
i + (VI–5)
7
+ (VI–11)
8
+ (VI–2)
18
+ (VI–1)
29
+ (VI–2)
39
+ (VI–7)
44
+ 2VI
68
+ (VI–12)
68
+ (VI–5)
75
+ (VI–3)
84
+ (VI–4)
92
+ (V–3)
99
+ (VI–6)
105
; (VII–1)
118
+ III
124
+ 1
125
Missing folia: in I, the first, three last, and the folio between 6 and 7 are missing; II, only the right half of the innermost bifolium has survived; III, the last two folios of the quire are missing; IV, the last folio is missing; V, the last folio of the quire and that between 32 and 33 are missing; VI, the first folio and five between 43 and 44 are missing; IX, the first folio and four between 69 and 70 are missing; XI, first two folios and one between 79 and 80 are missing; XII, three folios between 90 and 91, and the last of the quire are missing; XIII, the inner bifolium and one folio between 97 and 98 are missing; XIV, one folio between 101 and 102, two inner bifolia and the last of the quire are missing; XV, the second folio (XXVII) of the quire is missing.
XXXXX
Variants of four watermark motifs;
Bull´s head
(
PO80019
), fols. 1–39 (except fols. 11–16);
One-handled drinking vessel with cover above crown and a leaf
(
PO31721
), fols. 11–16; unidentified
Agnus dei
, fols. 40–84; and
Ypsilon
(
PO30386
), fols. 106–124.
The cartulary is in places in poor condition. It has suffered water damage while several leaves, including two entire quires (after the present quire VIII), have been cut out or ripped off.
The two last quires (fols. 106–124) were originally part of an another cartulary
One column with a varying number of lines; no ruling.
Littera Gothica Cursiva, several scribes.
16th century
additions in last two quires are, at least partly, written in a humanistic script by Canon
Arvidus Nicolai Särkilahti
, who writes his name, for example, on fol. . Other additions were written at the castle of
Turku
by an unknown scribe.
Inhabited initials on fols. , and . Stylized initials are used to mark the beginning of each charter throughout the manuscript, especially in the last two quires.
Original limp binding of dark brown leather, partially damaged. A printed copy of Pope
Sixtus IV
's recommendation for the papal legate
Bartholomaeus de Camerino
(14 October
1483
) is attached as the front flyleaf.
Skokloster Codex Aboensis is one of two medieval cartularies that have survived from
Turku
cathedral and chapter. Most of the documents have been copied from the cathedral's other cartulary,
Stockholm, National Archives, A 10
(‘Registrum ecclesie Aboensis’). The watermarks suggest that the cartulary was copied around the
1480s or 1490s
. In the
1540s
, Canon
Arvidus Nicolai Särkilahti
used the cartulary as a personal notebook, drafting some letters and sermons in it. Some of these additions are written over the unerased original texts.
From
Turku cathedral
the cartulary came to
Turku castle
in the
mid-16th century
at the time of the reformation.
Jaakkola (1952, XXIII)
has argued that the manuscript was discovered there by the Governor-General,
Per Brahe
, in the 17th century. After Per Brahe´s death in
1680
the cartulary became part of the collections of
Skokloster Castle
in
Sweden
, with the shelf-mark N. 70 (seen on the spine and front flyleaf recto). In
1892
the manuscript was transferred to the present-day
Swedish National Archives
.
Sven Andersson, "Är Skoklosters codex Aboensis huvudsakligen en kopia av Svartboken?"
Historisk tidskrift för Finland 34
(1949), 56–61.
Jalmari Jaakkola,
Vanhimmat historialliset kopiokirjamme
, Helsinki 1930.
Jalmari Jaakkola,
Codices Medii Aevi Finlandiae II Codex Särkilahti
, Helsinki 1952.
Kauko Pirinen,
Turun tuomiokapituli keskiajan lopulla
, Helsinki 1956.
REA
=
Registrum ecclesiae Aboensis eller Åbo domkyrkas svartbok
, utg. Reinhold Hausen, Helsingfors 1890.
Cataloguer
Maria Kallio
Finnish Literature Society (SKS)
Codices Fennici
Creative Commons BY 4.0

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