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Stockholm, National Archives, A10. Registrum Ecclesie Aboensis

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Cartulary of Turku Cathedral

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Finnish Literature Society (SKS)
Codices Fennici

Aikamääre

1450-1515
Saec. XV 2/2 - XVI in.

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Paper

Kieli

Swedish
Latin

Identifiointitunnus

Stockholm
National Archives
A 10
Registrum Ecclesie Aboensis
Åbo Domkyrkas Svartbok

Kattavuus

Turku

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Stockholm, National Archives, A10. Registrum Ecclesie Aboensis
Saec. XV
2
–XVI in.
,
Turku
Cartulary of Turku Cathedral
The
cartulary
contains over seven hundred copies of medieval documents from the
early 13th century until the early 16th
. The copies were principally made from documents in the
Turku
chapter archive. Most of them are deeds concerning the property and rights of the cathedral. The documents were edited by
Hausen (1890)
in chronological sequence, which does not represent their actual arrangement.
Fols. 1–3 (modern added foliation): A flyleaf and two parchment leaves (formerly pastedown).
Fols. (modern added foliation): Index of documents.
Fols. : Documents concerning e.g. the tithe tax and clerical rights.
Priuilegium Benedicti pape. Super decimis soluendis
... (
REA 99–100
) Benedictus episcopus servus servorum ... ... (
REA 576
) valore xij oris. (Followed by a note on boundaries) ...
Litteras originales super hiis habent cives.
Fols. : Royal letters and privileges.
Privilegium confirmatorium Johannis pape vicesimi secundi super certis privilegiis et indultis dominorum Birgeri et Magni regum svecie
. (
REA 71
) Universis presentes ... (fol. 25 followed by one unnumbered blank) ... ... (
REA 703
) Giffwit ok skriffwit pa Abo sloth mondagen nest for sancti Laurencij martiris dagh, wnder myth incigle, aar epter Gwdz byrd mdxiij. (Followed by four blank leaves).
Fols. : Miscellaneous documents concerning
Turku
diocese and cathedral.
Privilegia pape de reconciliacione cimiteriorum et ecclesiarum.
(
REA 25
) Universis presens scriptum ... ... (
REA 227
) Datum apud ecclesiam nostram Aboensem anno Dominj mccclxx quarto, Feria 2:a post Olauj, nostro sub sigillo.
Fols. : Papal letters.
Copia protectorie gregorij pape.
(
REA 2
) Gregorius episcopus servus ... ... (
REA 242
) jn crastino beatj Martini episcopi.
Fols. : Miscellaneous documents concerning e.g. the tithe tax.
Statutum Sudercopense celebratum anno Domini mcdxl primo
. (
REA 495
) In nomine domini ... (fol. 60 is followed by two unnumbered blanks) ... ... (
REA 241
) Datum Rome, apud sanctam Mariam in Transtiberim, ydibus Decembris, pontificatus nostri anno primo.
Fols. : Documents concerning e.g. the Great Schism and letters of indulgence granted to
Turku
cathedral.
Quedam prophecia
. (
REA 250
) Jnfra lustrvm jmmaculata jntegrabitur ... ... (
REA 680
) Datum Abo die Jouis octaua Augusti annj mcdlxxxij, nostro sub secreto.
Fols. : Documents concerning the dispute between the diocese of
Turku
and the Cistercian monastery of
Padise
in
Estonia
.
Super piscatura in Helsingaa
. (
REA 138
) Magnus dei gratia rex ... ... (
REA 298
) Datum Sworttesyø anno Dominj mºcºiijº, feria 2:a infra octauas corporis Christi. (Followed by a short inventory of lands.)
Fols. : Charters concerning the property of
Turku
cathedral, arranged topographically.
Super molendino beati Henrici in Halis.
(
REA 611
) Alle the godhe men ... (fol. 92 is followed by two unnumbered blanks, fol. 115 by five unnumbered blanks, fol. 139 by two unnumbered blanks) ... ... (
REA 473
) vppa alla wara fforscriffna vegna fore thetta breff, som giffuit ok scriffuit ær j Stokholm aar dagh forscriffnom (fol. 156 followed by one unnumbered blank).
Fols. : Documents concerning
Mensa Episcopalis.
Super piscatura episcopi Aboensis in llammas parochie kumo. Originalia istarum copiarum sunt in kwsto
. (
REA 562
) Wij götzstaff laurensson ... ... (
REA 352
) Scriptum anno die et loco quibus supra (followed by seven unnumbered blanks).
Fols. : Documents concerning the different altars of
Turku
cathedral and their property.
Copie litterarum altaris sancti Siffredi. Super predio Loppila.
(
REA 195
) ... (fols. 188, 194, 207 followed by one unnumbered blank) ... ... (
REA 489
) anno Domini mcd quadragesimo die beati Kalixti pape sub sigillo regni nostri Suecie (fol. 257 is blank apart from a short note on the verso side (
REA 705
)). [–v] (A document on the establishment of new churches in the eastern parts of
Finland
;
REA 694
). (Followed by three unnumbered blanks).
Fols. : Documents concerning the dignity of provost in the chapter of
Turku
.
Littera fundacionis prepositure jn ecclesia Aboensi
. (
REA 101
) Hemmingus dei gratia ... ... (
REA 698
) et loco quibus super.
Iste processus de verbo ad verbum habetur jn libro judiciorum consulatus, dicto stadz tenckebook
. (Followed by two unnumbered blanks).
[270½r]
(An inventory;
REA 710
)
Super bonis mense archidiaconatus in ecclesia aboensis
... (fol.
270½v
is blank).
Fols. : Documents concerning the dignity of archdeacon in the chapter of Turku.
Confirmacio archidiaconatus per dominum Magnum episcopum
... (
REA 341
) Omnibus presens scriptum ... ... (
REA 549
) tysdagen nest epter natiuitatis Marie virginis (fol. contains an addition (
saec. XVI
) concerning property in
Hattula
;
REA 304
).
Fols. contain lists of the properties that pertained to the archdeaconry (fol. 281 followed by three unnumbered blanks).
Fols. : Miscellanious documents ( in a hand of
saec. XVI
).
Inter Korpelax et Heykyla littera consiliariorum regni, etc:a.
Wij epterskrefne Steen Stwre ... ... (
REA 578
) fore scriffuit står, feria secunda post dominicam trinitatis.
Paper
4 + 328 folios (283 and 320 foliated)
21cm × 28cm
Since the manuscript was produced in parts, there are overlapping foliations, one medieval, and one most likely from the 16th century, plus a modern one for the index. There are several blank leaves inside the quires and these are unfoliated, which explains why the last foliated leaf in the last quire is 283 (CCCXX).
4 + V
14
; 5V
45
+ IV
53
+ 4V
91
+ (II–1)
92
+ IX
110
+ 2V
125
+ IV
133
+ VII
145
+ VI
156
+ (IX–1)
167
+ XVII
200
+ (X–2)
217
+ 2VI
241
+ VIII
257
+ (X-1)
270½
+ VII
281
+ (II–1)
283
Catchwords appear on the last pages of two quires, at fols. , , and it is likely that others have been lost to trimming.
Most of the documents are provided with a title. Documents concerning the different altars in Turku cathedral (fol. 168 onwards) were composed in the
1480s
and later, while work on copying the earlier parts of the cartulary had already begun by the
1460s at the latest
.
The cartulary begins with two parchment leaves and an index of the titles of most of the documents. The index-part and the leaves preceding it have modern foliation in pencil (1–13). The two parchment leaves are fragments from an
antiphoner
of
saec. XV
. They were presumably employed as pastedowns in the original binding.
Thirty different watermarks, most of them variants of bull´s heads. Identified motifs are dated to
1450s–1480s
:
Ypsilon
(index) (
PO30386
);
Crown with a lily above
, fols. 11–20 (
PO50753
);
Bull´s head
from fol. 30 onwards (
PO 74989
); and a
Sickle
from fol. 200 onwards (
PO122138
).
The cartulary has suffered some water-damage and there is a worm-hole in fols. 248–254. Small tears etc. have been repaired with paper.
One column, intermittent ruling in ink, number of lines varies.
Littera Gothica Cursiva, several scribes, the level of execution varies.
Mid-16th-century
additions on fols. were made by
Bertil Eriksson
in
Turku
castle; presumably he is to be identified with the chancery scribe of the same name working for
Duke Johan
.
Rubrication is used on the first actual folio of the cartulary. Stylized initials are used throughout the manuscript to mark the beginning of each charter. Several maniculae occur, with particularly well executed examples on fols. and .
(?)
17th-century
leather binding with blind-tooled flower decoration, remains of two clasps; 22,5 × 30,5.
Registrum Ecclesiae Aboensis is probably the first cartulary to have been compiled by the medieval chapter of
Turku
. Watermarks suggest that the first charter copies were made in the late
1450s or early 1460s while the last additions were made around 1515
. The cartulary was compiled in several parts and most probably involved several members of the chapter. The name ‘Registrum ecclesiae Aboensis’ is written on the first leaves of the manuscript. It repeats the cartulary tradition of the church province of Uppsala, since the cartularies in Uppsala, Linköping and Skarae dioceses are also named in the same way. The other name by which the cartulary is customarily known is the ‘Black Book’, which is somewhat later and occurs only in sources that post-date the 16th century. The name was probably derived from the black leather binding which was given to the cartulary in
1554
.
As seen from a few additions on fols. 282–283, the cartulary was moved from
Turku cathedral
to
Turku castle
in the
mid-16th century
.
In the
1620s
the manuscript was transferred to the archives of
Turku Court of Appeals
, and in
1669
it was sent to
Stockholm
where it became part of the collections of the
Antikvitetskollegium
(
Royal State Archives
) with the shelf-mark A.25. After the institutional dissolution of the Antikvitetskollegium the manuscript came to the
National Library
in
Stockholm
in
1780
, after which it was transferred to its current home in the
Swedish National Archives
in
1889
. (The history of the manuscript is reconstructed in the introduction to
REA
.)
Jarl Gallen, "Studier i Åbo domkyrkas Svartbok",
Historisk Tidskrift för Finland 63
(1978), 286–311.
Jalmari Jaakkola,
Vanhimmat historialliset kopiokirjamme
, Suomen kirkkohistoriallisen seuran toimituksia, Helsinki 1930.
Jalmari Jaakkola,
Codices Medii Aevi Finlandiae I Registrum Ecclesiae Aboensis
, Helsinki 1952.
Jan Liedgren, "Åbo domkyrkas kopieböcker",
Historisk Tidskrift för Finland 33
(1948), 20–22.
Kauko Pirinen,
Turun tuomiokapituli keskiajan lopulla
, Suomen kirkkohistoriallisen seuran toimituksia, Helsinki 1956.
REA
=
Registrum ecclesiae Aboensis eller Åbo domkyrkas svartbok
, utg. Reinhold Hausen, Helsingfors 1890.
Peter Ståhl, "Medeltida kopieböcker i Riksarkivet"
, Arkiv, samhälle och Forskining 2004:1–2
, 77–97.
Cataloguer
Maria Kallio
Finnish Literature Society (SKS)
Codices Fennici
Creative Commons BY 4.0

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